B. Alexandre McKeon

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Persistent accumulation of monocytes/macrophages in the pulmonary artery adventitial/perivascular areas of animals and humans with pulmonary hypertension has been documented. The cellular mechanisms contributing to chronic inflammatory responses remain unclear. We hypothesized that perivascular inflammation is perpetuated by activated adventitial(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary hypertensive remodeling is characterized by excessive proliferation, migration, and proinflammatory activation of adventitial fibroblasts. In culture, fibroblasts maintain a similar activated phenotype. The mechanisms responsible for generation/maintenance of this phenotype remain unknown. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that aberrant(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) is a potential treatment for full-thickness chondral lesions in the knee. Delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) has recently been developed as a sensitive and specific measure of cartilage glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Under the conditions of dGEMRIC,(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an obstructive disease of the precapillary pulmonary arteries. Schistosomiasis-associated PAH shares altered vascular TGF-β signalling with idiopathic, heritable and autoimmune-associated etiologies; moreover, TGF-β blockade can prevent experimental pulmonary hypertension (PH) in pre-clinical models. TGF-β is(More)
Surgical shunting was the mainstay in treating portal hypertension for years. Recently, transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic shunting (TIPS) has replaced surgical shunting, first as a "bridge" to transplantation and ultimately as first-line therapy for bleeding varices. This study was undertaken to examine evidence from trials comparing TIPS with(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in metabolism have been suggested to contribute to the aberrant phenotype of vascular wall cells, including fibroblasts, in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Here, we test the hypothesis that metabolic reprogramming to aerobic glycolysis is a critical adaptation of fibroblasts in the hypertensive vessel wall that drives proliferative and(More)
Adil Anwar, Min Li, Maria G. Frid, Binod Kumar, Evgenia V. Gerasimovskaya, Suzette R. Riddle, B. Alexandre McKeon, Roopa Thukaram, Barbara O. Meyrick, Mehdi A. Fini, and Kurt R. Stenmark Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, and Department of(More)
BACKGROUND An emerging metabolic theory of pulmonary hypertension (PH) suggests that cellular and mitochondrial metabolic dysfunction underlies the pathology of this disease. We and others have previously demonstrated the existence of hyperproliferative, apoptosis-resistant, proinflammatory adventitial fibroblasts from human and bovine hypertensive(More)
Increased cell proliferation and migration, of several cell types are key components of vascular remodeling observed in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Our previous data demonstrate that adventitial fibroblasts isolated from pulmonary arteries of chronically hypoxic hypertensive calves (termed PH-Fibs) exhibit a "constitutively activated" phenotype(More)