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Twenty-four healthy male volunteers received either placebo or 75, 150, or 300 microg filgrastim (recombinant methionyl human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) for 12 days to study effects on monocytes and lymphocytes. In all filgrastim-treated groups, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-12 (IL-12), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the historical perspective of informed consent in clinical practice and research as it pertains to human subjects. DATA SOURCES Published professional journals, books, case law, and the internet pertaining to the historical development of informed consent. CONCLUSIONS The history of informed consent is complex. Informed consent as a(More)
Among the multitude of crises that US research institutions may face are those caused by animal rights activists. While most activists opposed to animal research use peaceful and lawful means of expressing their opinions, some extremists resort to illegal methods. Arson, break-ins, and theft with significant property damage at US animal research facilities(More)
  • B A Rich
  • 1998
This article considers 2 major critiques of advance directives and offers a defense to each of them. The 1st critique is philosophical in nature and maintains that the moral authority of an advance directive is undercut by a failure of personal identity to survive the loss of decisional capacity. The response in this article is that this critique relies on(More)
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