B A Reĭkhardt

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The experiments described here demonstrate that disruption of the phosphorylation of transcription factors of the HMG cAMP/Ca-independent protein kinase CK2 class may be the cause of decreased gene expression in age-related cognitive deficits. Amnesia for a conditioned passive avoidance reaction (CPAR) in aged rats (24 months old) was accompanied by(More)
It has been established that an increase in RNA synthesis in the neurons of the cerebral cortex of rats at the stage of consolidation is manifested in well-trained animals more strongly than in poorly trained animals. The selective influence of propylnorantitheine and demethylated derivatives of ethylnorantitheine on the maintenance of conditioned reflexes(More)
It has been shown that a decrease in HMGs transcription factors phosphorylation by protein kinase CK2 may be the cause of a gene expression decline in cognitive disorders. Passive avoidance amnesia in old rats (24 month) was accompanied by a decrease in synaptosomal protein synthesis and transcription in isolated nuclei of cortex, hippocampus, and striatum.(More)
Data on the nuclear cascade of signal transduction, including protein kinase CK2 (PKCK2), transcription factor HMG14 and chromatin myosin-like proteins, are generalized with regard for the modern understanding of mechanisms of synaptic plasticity. The role of the neurospecific isoform and subunit structure of PKCK2, of the individual subunit(More)
Stimulators of long-term memory (ethylnorantiphein and its analogs M1 and M2) were used to study the dynamics of several components of the neuronal calcium-regulatory system in the rat cortex and hippocampus. There were no changes in the activity of the Mg, Ca-ATPase transporter and actomyosin-like Ca-ATPase in synaptosomes 5, 15, 60, and 180 min after(More)
The dynamics of changes in some components of the calcium-regulated system of cortical and hippocampal neurons under the influence of long-term memory enhancers (ethylnorantifein and its analogues M1 and M2) was studied in rat brain. No change was found in the activity of transport Mg, Ca-ATPase and actomyosin-like Ca-ATPase in synaptic membranes 5, 15, 60,(More)
The regulatory pathways of chromatin transcription in neurons have been studied. The metabolic events (adenylate cyclase, Ca/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C) involved in signal transduction via adenosine receptors were investigated with the application of pharmacological tools--the memory stimulant ethylnorantifeine and its structural analogs. It(More)
Incorporation of 3H-leucine into proteins of rat brain cell structures during application of antifeins (compounds of alternative action on memory processes) has been studied. No correlation was observed between changes in protein synthesis in nuclei, mitochondria, components of endoplasmic reticulum and memory effects of ethyl-, allyl- and(More)
The authors review different mechanisms of mnemotropic and cerebroprotective effects of nootropic drugs. The data concerning the molecular mechanisms of action of the structural analogs of the memory stimulant ethylnorantifeine (etimizol) have been summarized and analyzed. It is shown that the effects of antifeines on the retention of the conditioned(More)
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