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Data from five psychiatric populations and a community sample are presented on the CES-D, 20-item self-report depression symptom scale developed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies. Results show that the scale is a sensitive tool for detecting depressive symptoms and change in symptoms over time in psychiatric populations, and that it agrees quite well(More)
In a sample of 298 cocaine abusers seeking inpatient (n = 149) or outpatient (n = 149) treatment, rates of psychiatric disorders were determined by means of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Research Diagnostic Criteria. Overall, 55.7% met current and 73.5% met lifetime criteria for a psychiatric disorder other than a substance use disorder. In(More)
The authors report data from a case-control family study of lifetime psychiatric diagnoses among the relatives of individuals with major depression. Specifically, they address the relationship between anxiety disorders and major depression. The findings indicate that relatives of individuals with major depression plus an anxiety disorder are at greater risk(More)
The efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants and various psychotherapies, in comparison with one another or in combination, has not been fully established in randomized clinical trials. The authors present a randomized controlled trial comparing the combination of amitriptyline and short-term interpersonal psychotherapy, either treatment alone, and(More)
A family study of psychiatric disorders in 2,003 first-degree relatives of 335 probands found increased rates of bipolar I disorder and major depression (MD) in the relatives of probands with bipolar disorder and increased rates of MD in the relatives of probands with MD. There was a similarity in rates of affective disorders in the relatives of ambulatory(More)
A randomized, controlled trial compared the combination of amitriptyline hydrochloride and short-term interpersonal psychotherapy, either treatment alone, and a nonscheduled treatment control group in ambulatory acute, nonbipolar, nonpsychotic depressives. Results show the efficacy of both psychotherapy and amitriptyline in overall symptom reduction.(More)
This report describes the results of a placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial evaluating imipramine hydrochloride, a tricyclic antidepressant, as treatment for depression in methadone-maintained opiate addicts. Forty-six subjects were assigned randomly to either the imipramine or placebo group for up to eight weeks. All patients also received(More)
Data on the psychiatric diagnosis, overall functioning, and treatment of 220 6- to 23-year-old subjects who were at high or low risk for major depression are presented. The subjects' diagnoses were made by a child psychiatrist based on best-estimate evaluation of diagnostic information derived from structured interviews (Schedule for Affective Disorders and(More)
In a family study of 133 probands with major depression and 82 normal control subjects, and 1,518 of their first-degree relatives, we found a substantial inverse relationship between the age of onset of major depression in the probands and the risk of major depression in their relatives. The relatives of probands whose onset of major depression occurred(More)