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The spacing of feather buds in a tract is thought to arise from the interaction between an inducing signal from the dermis and an inhibitory signal generated in the nascent buds. Local BMP-2 expression in the ectoderm precedes the formation of the ectodermal placodes, which are the first morphological sign of bud differentiation. We have altered the(More)
Previous work has implicated the Hog1 stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) in osmotic and oxidative stress responses in the human pathogen Candida albicans. In this study, we have characterized the role of Hog1 in mediating these and other stress responses in C. albicans. We provide evidence that a SAPK-dependent core stress response exists in this(More)
Recent studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by using global approaches have significantly enhanced our knowledge of the components involved in the transcriptional regulation of the cell cycle. The Mcm1p-Fkh2p complex, in combination with the coactivator Ndd1p, plays an important role in the cell cycle-dependent expression of the CLB2 gene cluster during the(More)
The signaling pathways that sense adverse stimuli and communicate with the nucleus to initiate appropriate changes in gene expression are central to the cellular stress response. Herein, we have characterized the role of the Sty1 (Spc1) stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and the Pap1 and Atf1 transcription factors, in regulating the(More)
Polo kinases have crucial conserved functions in controlling the eukaryotic cell cycle through orchestrating several events during mitosis. An essential element of cell cycle control is exerted by altering the expression of key regulators. Here we show an important function for the polo kinase Cdc5p in controlling cell-cycle-dependent gene expression that(More)
The ability of microorganisms to survive and thrive within hostile environments depends on rapid and robust stress responses. Stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathways are important stress-signalling modules found in all eukaryotes, including eukaryotic microorganisms such as fungi. These pathways consist of a SAPK that is activated by phosphorylation(More)
Limb buds in the limbless chick begin to form normally but fail to form an AER and ultimately degenerate. Wnt7a and LMX-1, which are restricted to the dorsal half of a normal limb bud, are expressed throughout the ectoderm and mesenchyme of the mutant buds, respectively. Engrailed-1, normally expressed in ventral limb ectoderm, is not expressed in the(More)
It is well established that oxidative stress is an important cause of cell damage associated with the initiation and progression of many diseases. Consequently, all air-living organisms contain antioxidant enzymes that limit oxidative stress by detoxifying reactive oxygen species, including hydrogen peroxide. However, in eukaryotes, hydrogen peroxide also(More)
The forkhead transcription factor Fkh2p acts in a DNA-bound complex with Mcm1p and the coactivator Ndd1p to regulate cell cycle-dependent expression of the CLB2 gene cluster in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we demonstrate that Fkh2p is a target of cyclin-dependent protein kinases and that phosphorylation of Fkh2p promotes interactions between Fkh2p and(More)
Transcriptional control is exerted by the antagonistic activities of activator and repressor proteins. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, transcription factor complexes containing the MADS box protein Mcm1p are key regulators of cell cycle-dependent transcription at both the G2/M and M/G1 transitions. The homeodomain repressor protein Yox1p acts in a complex with(More)