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OBJECTIVE Small uncontrolled series suggest that treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with epilepsy may improve seizure control. Prior to conducting a definitive randomized controlled trial, we addressed critical design issues in a pilot study. METHODS We identified a cohort of adult patients with medically refractory epilepsy and(More)
BACKGROUND Although epileptic seizures occur more commonly in older adults, their occurrence in this age group is often unexplained. One unexplored precipitant of seizures in older adults is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is also more common in this age group. Our objective was to investigate whether OSA is associated with seizure exacerbation in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To relate parentally reported sleep concerns in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to polysomnographic (PSG) findings and measures of daytime behavior and autism symptomatology. DESIGN Cross-sectional study involving validated questionnaires, sleep histories and diaries, 2 nights of PSG, and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS).(More)
We describe our experience in using melatonin to treat insomnia, a common sleep concern, in children with autism spectrum disorders. One hundred seven children (2-18 years of age) with a confirmed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders who received melatonin were identified by reviewing the electronic medical records of a single pediatrician. All parents(More)
Sleep concerns are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We identified objective sleep measures that differentiated ASD children with and without parental sleep concerns, and related parental concerns and objective measures to aspects of daytime behavior. ASD poor sleepers differed from ASD good sleepers on actigraphic (sleep latency,(More)
We used electrical stimulation mapping to compare performance on auditory and visual naming tasks in inferotemporal, lateral temporal, frontal, and parietal cortex in 8 temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with subdural electrodes placed for preoperative language localization. Performance on auditory responsive naming (ARN) and visual confrontation naming(More)
Sleep difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorders are common, with poor sleep hygiene a contributing factor. We developed the Family Inventory of Sleep Habits to measure sleep hygiene in this population. Its validity and reliability in 2 groups of children aged 4 to 10 years, those with a clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders, and(More)
We used FDG-PET to measure interictal glucose metabolism in 16 children and adolescents (mean age 14.7 years) and complex partial seizures (CPS) (mean seizure onset age 5.0 years). Video-EEG localized the epileptic foci. Glucose metabolism was determined in 14 paired anatomic areas using a standard template. PET hypometabolism was defined as greater than(More)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by dysfunction in social interaction and communication, as well as the presence of restricted interests or repetitive behaviors. ASD include autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified. Sleep problems are common in children(More)
To determine if parents can successfully teach their children with autism spectrum disorders to become better sleepers, we piloted small group parent education workshops focused on behavioral sleep strategies. Workshops consisted of three 2-hour sessions conducted over consecutive weeks by 2 physicians. Curricula included establishing effective daytime and(More)