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The renowned soft-bodied faunas of the Cambrian period, which include the Burgess Shale, disappear from the fossil record in the late Middle Cambrian, after which the Palaeozoic fauna dominates. The disappearance of faunas of Burgess Shale type curtails the stratigraphic record of a number of iconic Cambrian taxa. One possible explanation for this loss is a(More)
Degradation of organophosphorus compounds was achieved in the presence of purified fungal laccase from Trametes versicolor and a small molecular weight redox mediator (ABTS). This laccase-mediator system (LMS) catalyzed degradation of VX, PhX and VR while had no apparent effect on CVX, ecothiophate or demeton. Inhibition of ABTS oxidation was shown with VX,(More)
4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) catalyzes the conversion of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPP) into homogentisate. HPPD is the molecular target of very effective synthetic herbicides. HPPD inhibitors may also be useful in treating life-threatening tyrosinemia type I and are currently in trials for treatment of Parkinson disease. The reaction mechanism(More)
The validation of the performance of a neural network based 13C NMR prediction algorithm using a test set available from an open source publicly available database, NMRShiftDB, is described. The validation was performed using a version of the database containing ca. 214,000 chemical shifts as well as for two subsets of the database to compare performance(More)
Human butyrylcholinesterase hydrolyzes long chain dicholine esters more rapidly than short chain dicholine esters. The active site of butyrylcholinesterase is deeply buried within the enzyme molecule and there is limited space for binding of large compounds. Our goal was to understand how butyrylcholinesterase accommodates long chain dicholine esters to(More)
Electrostatic solitary structures are generated by injection of a suprathermal electron beam parallel to the magnetic field in a laboratory plasma. Electric microprobes with tips smaller than the Debye length (λDe) enabled the measurement of positive potential pulses with half-widths 4 to 25λDe and velocities 1 to 3 times the background electron thermal(More)
Three imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivatives 3a-c have been synthesized from p38 kinase inhibitor structures and evaluated as anti-apoptosis agents. These drugs were designed to interact with nucleic acids and membrane interactions by varying the chain length in position 6, from hydroxyethylamino (3a), to hydroxybutylamino (3b) and hydroxyhexylamino (3c). First(More)
To examine the real ability of the binuclear di-mu-oxo complex [Mn2(III,IV)O2(terpy)2(H2O)2]3+ (2) to act as a catalyst for water oxidation, we have investigated in detail its redox properties and that of its mononuclear precursor complex [Mn(II)(terpy)2]2+ (1) in aqueous solution. It appears that electrochemical oxidation of 1 allows the quantitative(More)
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