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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE More than 85% of brain traumas are classified as "mild"; MR imaging findings are minimal if any and do not correspond to clinical symptoms. Our goal, therefore, was to quantify the global decline of the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA), as well as gray (GM) and white matter (WM) atrophy after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).(More)
OBJECT Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a major complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that leads to functional and psychological deficits. Although DAI is frequently underdiagnosed by conventional imaging modalities, it can be demonstrated using diffusion tensor imaging. The aim of this study was to assess the presence and extent of DAI in patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion alterations have been identified in the corpus callosum and frontal white matter of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), though the relevance of these findings to cognitive deterioration has not yet been determined. This study tested the hypothesis that diffusion tensor imaging can detect tissue status(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whole-brain MR measures derived from diffusion tensor imaging and magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) for the in vivo assessment of cumulative neuropathologic changes in HIV and to evaluate the quantitative imaging strategies with respect to cognitive status measures including the severity of dementia and the degree of impairment in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because of their invasive nature, high-grade glial tumors are uniformly fatal. The purpose of this study was to quantify MR imaging-occult, glial tumor infiltration beyond its radiologic margin through its consequent neuronal cell damage, assessed by the global concentration decline of the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA). (More)
Various biomarkers have been suggested as associative or predictive of HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment. Plasma levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and hematocrit were evaluated for relationships with diffusion tensor imaging measurements of centrum semiovale, caudate, and putamen. MCP-1(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are susceptible to cognitive deterioration. This study investigated the utility of magnetization transfer (MT) imaging for quantification of brain tissue alterations associated with cognitive deficits in patients with HIV. MATERIALS AND METHODS MT ratios (MTR) were derived(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Escalation in monocyte trafficking from the bone marrow into the brain may play a critical role in central nervous system injury and cognitive deterioration in patients with HIV infection. This study tested the hypothesis that the mean diffusivity is sensitive to marrow changes in HIV patients and that these quantitative imaging(More)
We report the findings from whole-brain proton MR spectroscopy, quantifying the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA), for 2 presurgical meningioma patients and 10 healthy controls. The patients' whole-brain NAA (WBNAA) concentrations were considerably elevated (3+ SDs) compared with healthy controls when excluding the tumors from brain volume; WBNAA(More)
Palliative cervical cordotomy can be performed via percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of the lateral C1-2 spinothalamic tract. This rare procedure can be safe, effective, and advantageous in mitigating medically intractable unilateral extremity pain for selected patients with end-stage cancer. This report reviews the indications, techniques, risks, and(More)