B. A. Claesson

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The serologic responses to bacterial and viral antigens were determined in paired serum samples from 336 children, ages 1 month to 15 years, with roentgenographically verified community-acquired pneumonia. Significant increases in antibodies against one agent were found in 40% and against two or more agents in 8% of the children. There were significant(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the serotype distributions of group B streptococci (GBS) isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid and from the genital tract of pregnant women and to investigate any possible relation between serotype, age and clinical manifestation. METHODS Invasive strains were collected from 1988 to 1997 and genital strains from 1995 to 1996.(More)
The safety and immunogenicity of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) capsular polysaccharide (CPS) alone, or covalently bound to tetanus toxoid in saline solution (Hib-TT) or adsorbed onto AI(OH)3 (Hib-TT ads), were evaluated after one injection into 18- to 23-month-old healthy children in Sweden. No side reactions were elicited by Hib CPS; side reactions(More)
Serum samples were obtained from 44 infants vaccinated against diphtheria at the ages of 3, 5 and 12 months with an aluminium-adsorbed diphtheria-tetanus toxoid vaccine containing 15 Lf units of diphtheria toxoid. Toxin-neutralizing antibodies (antitoxin) were measured by the Vero cell assay and IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against diphtheria toxoid by(More)
In all Scandinavian countries, most invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections occur before the age of 5 years. The age-specific incidence of Hib meningitis in this age group is 26-35/100,000 per year in Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden and about 43/100,000 per year in Iceland. Of the meningitis patients, approximately 60% are younger than 2(More)
Kingella kingae is a fastidious gram-negative rod related to the Neisseriae. Together with data from published cases of K. kingae infection, we report the clinical and laboratory findings from 10 cases in western Sweden; a specific serological reaction is also described. The diagnoses were osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, discitis, endocarditis, occult(More)
Haemophilus influenzae meningitis in children 0 to 15 years old was studied retrospectively in a defined region of southwest Sweden from 1971 through 1980; 147 patients with culture-verified H. influenzae meningitis were found. Sixty-seven of them were younger than 18 months and would not have been protected by a purified H. influenzae b polysaccharide(More)
Acute epiglottitis, which is almost exclusively caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b, was studied retrospectively in children 0 to 15 years old in a defined region of southwest Sweden from 1971 through 1980; 211 patients with clinically well-documented acute epiglottitis were found. The age-specific incidence was 14/100,000/year, which was higher than(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infections are commonly acquired in childhood, asymptomatically or as a symptomatic infection. However, little is known about the time of HSV seroconversion during infancy and early childhood. OBJECTIVE To investigate the acquisition of IgG-antibodies to HSV in infants and children. STUDY DESIGN A(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody persistence was studied in 5.5-year-old Swedish children who in infancy completed a vaccine trial of a combined diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, acellular pertussis, inactivated polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine. Three priming doses at ages 2-4-6 months induced higher geometric mean concentrations of antibodies(More)