B. A. C. Dijkmans

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The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of low bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with spondylarthropathies (SpA) at an early stage of disease. In this cross-sectional study, the BMD of lumbar spine and hips was measured in 130 consecutive early SpA patients. The outcome measure BMD was defined as (1) osteoporosis,(More)
We demonstrated that vertebral fractures (VF) are commonly found in early SpA. Patients with VF had lower lumbar BMD than patients without VF. VF remained frequently ‘unrecognized’ and untreated. VF have been associated with more back pain, reduced Qol, and increased risk of future fractures which stresses the importance of recognition also in early stage(More)
Long-term bone mineral density (BMD) changes and the associated factors in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients were assessed. Despite the remarkably low overall bone loss, significant spine bone loss was associated with the use of glucocorticoids, use of antimalarials, and lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, stressing the importance of prevention of(More)
A 5-year follow-up study was performed in female RA patients with established disease looking at vertebral fractures, scored on spinal X-rays, and non-vertebral fractures. We found a high incidence rate of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in these patients compared to population-based studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of(More)
Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies have shown increased 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) uptake in joints of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and inflamed joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compares FDG uptake in joints of RA and OA patients and FDG-uptake with clinical signs of inflammation. FDG-PET scans(More)
Alendronate has been described to have a bone-sparing effect in patients treated with moderate and high dosages of prednisone for heterogeneous diseases, however no data are available on groups of patients with the same underlying diseases who receive chronic low-dose prednisone treatment. The objective of the investigation reported here was, therefore, to(More)
If rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with a mild disease course could be identified early in the phase of the disease, therapy with less aggressive and probably less toxic antirheumatic drugs seems to be rational. The aim of this study was to investigate which factors at baseline could predict a clinical response (American College of Rheumatology(More)
Intravenous pamidronate is frequently used for the treatment of osteoporosis in patients who cannot tolerate oral bisphosphonates. The aim of the present study was to compare the changes in bone mineral density (BMD) after 1 year of treatment with either oral alendronate or intravenous pamidronate in patients with osteoporosis. We studied 40 consecutive(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate if subjective symptoms, radiographic and especially MR parameters of cervical spine involvement, can predict neurologic dysfunction in patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Sequential radiographs, MR imaging, and neurologic examination were performed yearly in 46 consecutive RA patients with symptoms(More)
Our purpose was to assess the long-term effect of treatment for thyroid dysfunction on musculoskeletal symptoms. Forty-six patients (37 with hypothyroidism, 9 with hyperthyroidism), who visited the outpatient clinic of rheumatology and had abnormal thyroid function tests on their first visit, cooperated in the study. They were interviewed with a structured(More)