Börje S Haraldsson

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This review focuses on the intricate properties of the glomerular barrier. Other reviews have focused on podocyte biology, mesangial cells, and the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). However, since all components of the glomerular membrane are important for its function, proteinuria will occur regardless of which layer is affected by disease. We review the(More)
In this review we summarized the evidence favoring the concept that the major plasma proteins are passively transported across vascular walls through water-filled pathways by means of convection and diffusion. With regard to solute transport, a majority of microvascular walls seems to show a bimodal size selectivity. This implies the presence of a high(More)
Membranous nephropathy is one of the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. Recent reports suggest that treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) reduces proteinuria, but the mechanism of action is unknown. Here, we identified gene expression of the melanocortin receptor MC1R in podocytes, glomerular endothelial cells, mesangial cells,(More)
The serum protein orosomucoid (alpha1-acid glycoprotein) is needed to maintain the high capillary permselectivity required for normal homeostasis. It is not known how the protein executes its action, but it seems to contribute to the charge barrier. Moreover, recent studies suggest that the endothelial glycocalyx is essential for the charge barrier. The(More)
We have analyzed glomerular sieving data from humans, rats in vivo, and from isolated perfused rat kidneys (IPK) and present a unifying hypothesis that seems to resolve most of the conflicting results that exist in the literature. Particularly important are the data obtained in the cooled IPK, because they allow a variety of experimental conditions for(More)
The pathophysiology underlying the nephrotic syndrome is becoming clear for several inherited podocytopathies; the mechanisms of injury that lead to the acquired forms of this disease are not well understood. We explored these mechanisms using the mouse model of adriamycin-induced proteinuria.We estimated the fractional clearances for FITC-Ficolls, albumin,(More)
Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant disease which presents with striatal and cortical degeneration causing involuntary movements, dementia and emotional changes. We employed 16-week-old transgenic Huntington mice (R6/1 line developed by Bates and coworkers) that express exon 1 of the mutant human Huntington gene with 115 CAG triplet repeats. At(More)
The effects of human serum orosomucoid (normal serum concentration 0.7-1.0 g l-1) on capillary permeability were investigated in 12 isolated maximally vasodilated rat hindquarters perfused with bovine serum albumin (50 g l-1) in modified Tyrode. Measurements were made of capillary filtration coefficient (CFC), permeability surface area product (PS) for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether there are specific complications to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) due to defects in various wall structures--causing hernia and diverticulitis--and to enlarged kidneys. DESIGN The clinical experience of CAPD in 26 patients with ADPKD,(More)