Bérénice Ricard

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of enzyme induction and aerenchyma formation in prolonged tolerance to soil flooding in a variety of underground clover (Trifolium subterraneum 'Park') previously selected for resistance. Seedlings were grown in hydroponic tanks, initially with aeration for 3 weeks and subsequently in the absence of(More)
DNA synthesis was studied using purified wheat embryo mitochondria as well as mitochondrial lysates deprived of endogenous DNA. The optimal conditions for DNA synthesis are very similar in both systems: ATP stimulates dramatically mitochondrial DNA synthesis and magnesium is a better co-factor than manganese, contrary to what has been reported in animal(More)
In order to study DNA replication and expression in wheat mitochondria our laboratory has been seeking to develop a system that supports DNA synthesis and transcription, either in isolated mitochondria from wheat embryos or in a mitochondrial lysate from the same source deprived of endogenous DNA in vitro. We have characterized some of the enzymes involved(More)
A monoiodo derivative of rat atrial natriuretic factor (rANF) was shown to specifically bind to rat brain neurones in culture with low binding site capacity (10-20 fmoles per mg of protein) and high affinity (Kd = 50-100 pM). Several analogs of both rat and human ANF competed with 125I-rANF. No change in the number of binding sites was detected upon(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity was present in roots and shoots of 48-h rice embryos and rose in response to anoxia. The increase was accompanied by changes in the ADH isozyme pattern. Translatable levels of mRNA for two ADH peptides increases as early as 1 h after the beginning of anoxic treatment. Adh mRNA was detected in aerobically grown rice(More)
Rice cytosolic glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is composed of two subunits of different molecular weights. Cytosolic GAPDH activity and protein both decreased immediately after transfer of 48-h rice seedlings to anaerobic conditions. Subsequent increase in activity and protein was accompanied by a change in isoenzyme profile and was(More)
A salt-sensitive genotype of Solanum lycopersicum cv. Volgogradskij was submitted to a 6-day treatment with high salt (100, 200 mM NaCl), allowed to recover for 6 days and then submitted to a second period of salt stress in order to study changes in carbohydrate metabolism related to salt adaptation. The ion, soluble sugar and starch contents, as well as(More)
Two different cDNAs encoding lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were isolated from a library of hypoxically treated tomato roots and sequenced. The use of gene-specific probes on northern blots showed that Ldh2 mRNA was predominant in well-oxygenated roots and levels remained stable upon oxygen deficit; in contrast, Ldh1 mRNA accumulated to high levels within 2 h(More)
Hypoxically induced tolerance to anoxia in roots of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) was previously shown to depend on sucrose and the induction of sucrose synthase. In contrast to maize, root hexokinase (HXK) activities did not increase during hypoxia and glucose was unable to sustain glycolytic flux under anoxia. In this paper, we asked whether hypoxic(More)
The guanine-plus-cytosine (G + C) content of spiroplasmal DNA was calculated from the melting temperature determined spectrophotometrically and the buoyant density determined by equilibrium density gradient centrifugation in CsCl. Only two ranges of G + C values were found: 25-27 mol% and 29-32 mol%. The DNA of the following spiroplasmas has 25-27 mol% G +(More)