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INTRODUCTION The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a new parameter that is determined from grey level analysis of DXA images. It relies on the mean thickness and volume fraction of trabecular bone microarchitecture. This was a preliminary case-control study to evaluate the potential diagnostic value of TBS, both alone and combined with bone mineral density(More)
Thyrotoxicosis is an important but under recognized cause of osteoporosis. Recently, TSH deficiency, rather than thyroid hormone excess, has been suggested as the underlying cause. To investigate the molecular mechanism of osteoporosis in thyroid disease, we characterized the skeleton in mice lacking either thyroid hormone receptor alpha or beta(More)
In order to identify pertinent models of cortical and cancellous bone regeneration, we compared the kinetics and patterns of bone healing in mouse femur using two defect protocols. The first protocol consisted of a 0.9-mm-diameter through-and-through cortical hole drilled in the mid-diaphysis. The second protocol was a 0.9-mm-diameter, 1-mm-deep perforation(More)
The active thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine (T(3)), binds to thyroid hormone receptors (TR) and plays an essential role in the control of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Hypo- and hyperthyroidism alter the structure of growth plate cartilage and modify chondrocyte gene expression in vivo, whilst TR mutations or deletions in mice result in(More)
BACKGROUND ERRalpha is an orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, which acts as a transcription factor and is involved in various metabolic processes. ERRalpha is also highly expressed in ossification zones during mouse development as well as in human bones and cell lines. Previous data have shown that this receptor up-modulates the(More)
Childhood hypothyroidism causes growth arrest with delayed ossification and growth-plate dysgenesis, whereas thyrotoxicosis accelerates ossification and growth. Thyroid hormone (T(3)) regulates chondrocyte proliferation and is essential for hypertrophic differentiation. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are also important regulators of chondrocyte(More)
PURPOSE The keratin-12 (K12) protein is essential for the integrity of the corneal epithelium. This study was conducted to investigate the possible involvement of Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) in the corneal regulation of K12 gene expression, in view of the presence of one KLF6 potential binding site in the human K12 promoter and the known role of KLF6 in(More)
Excess thyroid hormone (TH) in adults causes osteoporosis and increases fracture risk. However, the mechanisms by which TH affects bone turnover are not elucidated. In particular, the roles of thyroid hormone receptor (TR) isotypes in the mediation of TH effects on osteoblast-mediated bone formation and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption are not(More)
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