Bénédicte Philippon

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The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) distribution was measured by 133xenon inhalation using a gamma camera in 18 right-handed volunteers, 6 subjects performing a graphic task (writing numbers in letters) with the right hand, 6 subjects imagining the same task, and 6 subjects were assessed during two rest periods to determine the reproducibility of the(More)
In patients with cerebrovascular disease the acetazolamide (ACZ) test is performed to evaluate the decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) through the investigation of the vasomotor reactivity (VMR). This latter is currently assessed with ACZ with several methods. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have been developed that are(More)
We performed 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamineoxime-single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET) in 20 epileptic patients with well-lateralized temporal electroencephalographic focus, normal computed tomographic scan, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) either normal (n = 10) or showing(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND This clinical study evaluated the effect of a suctioning maneuver on aspiration past the cuff during mechanical ventilation. METHODS Patients intubated for less than 48 hours with a PVC-cuffed tracheal tube, under mechanical ventilation with a PEEP ≥5 cm H2O and under continuous sedation, were included in the study. At baseline(More)
Cerebral blood flow determinations using the Xenon inhalation test in two patients with transient global amnesia showed overall decreases during the attack with a more marked fall in temporal-inferior frontal flow in one case and in temporal flow in the other. In the latter patient the temporal anomaly was reversible after naloxone injection but clinical(More)
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and [99mTc]HMPAO were used to assess the functional significance of nonspecific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities observed in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and no focal lesion on CT scan. We studied 18 patients whose MRI was normal or showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted images(More)
Vertebrobasilar insufficiency is a well-known syndrome, but no corresponding hemodynamic deficit has yet been established. We propose to define nuclear hemodynamic vertebrobasilar insufficiency on the basis of an oligemia lower than 35 mL/100 g per minute in the brain stem-cerebellar region with use of the xenon Xe 133 inhalation method. Fifteen patients(More)
We propose in the paper of the concept of nuclear hemodynamic vertebrobasilar insufficiency, defined as an oligemic blood flow lower than 35 ml/100 g/min. in the brain stem-cerebellum zone, when using the method of inhalation of 133Xe. In 15 patients, the neurophysiologic manifestations included intermittent symptoms. We describe here permanent(More)
A series of head-injured patients, in coma, were treated with hyperbaric oxygen (OHP) at 2.5 atm. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral metabolic rates of oxygen (CMRO2), glucose (CMRGL), and lactate (CMRL act), and various cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters were measured before and 2 h after the treatment. Pre-OHP and post-OHP average values of arterial(More)