Learn More
Some Toll and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) provide immunity to experimental infections in animal models, but their contribution to host defense in natural ecosystems is unknown. We report a dominant-negative TLR3 allele in otherwise healthy children with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis. TLR3 is expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), where(More)
Mutations in the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 genes encoding for Kv 7.2 (KCNQ2; Q2) and Kv 7.3 (KCNQ3; Q3) voltage-dependent K(+) channel subunits, respectively, cause neonatal epilepsies with wide phenotypic heterogeneity. In addition to benign familial neonatal epilepsy (BFNE), KCNQ2 mutations have been recently found in families with one or more family members with a(More)
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) is the most common form of sporadic viral encephalitis in western countries. Its pathogenesis remains unclear, as it affects otherwise healthy patients and only a small minority of HSV-1-infected individuals. Here, we elucidate a genetic etiology for HSE in two children with autosomal recessive deficiency in(More)
A 5-year-old female presented with prolonged afebrile right-sided focal seizures, right brachio-facial paralysis, and dysarthria; consciousness was not altered. Fever appeared 20 hours after onset of neurological symptoms. At admission (day 1) cerebral computerized tomography and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses were normal including undetectable(More)
The prognosis of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) depends on the early and appropriate administration of specific antiviral therapy. We retrospectively reviewed 38 cases of children with proven HSE, to evaluate the reliability of polymerase chain reaction results, according to the time of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling. Initial negative results were(More)
OBJECTIVE On the basis of our previous work with triheptanoin, which provides key substrates to the Krebs cycle in the brain, we wished to assess its therapeutic effect in patients with glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) who objected to or did not tolerate ketogenic diets. METHODS We performed an open-label pilot study with three(More)
Niemann-Pick C (NPC) is a fatal progressive neurolipidosis. Miglustat, an inhibitor of glycosphingolipid synthesis, has been proposed to treat patients but questions remain regarding its efficacy. A major problem has been the lack of suitable objective efficacy endpoints. Three adults with NPC were treated with miglustat for 24 months. Efficacy of treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral lysosomal lipid storage disease characterized by progressive neurological deterioration. Published data on the use of miglustat in paediatric patients in clinical practice settings are limited. We report findings from a prospective open-label study in the French paediatric NP-C cohort. (More)
BACKGROUND Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterised by childhood onset that tends to improve in adulthood. The associated gene, NKX2-1 (previously called TITF1), is essential for organogenesis of the basal ganglia, thyroid and lungs. The aim of the study was to refine the movement disorders phenotype. We also(More)
This paper reviews the clinical presentation of 217 patients with urea cycle defects, including 121 patients with neonatal-onset forms and 96 patients with late-onset forms. Long-term outcome of these patients is also reported with the severity of the neonatal forms of these disorders, mostly for ornithine carbamoyltransferase-deficient males. Patients with(More)