Bénédicte Burlat

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Hydrogenases, which catalyze H(2) to H(+) conversion as part of the bioenergetic metabolism of many microorganisms, are among the metalloenzymes for which a gas-substrate tunnel has been described by using crystallography and molecular dynamics. However, the correlation between protein structure and gas-diffusion kinetics is unexplored. Here, we introduce(More)
In hydrogenases and many other redox enzymes, the buried active site is connected to the solvent by a molecular channel whose structure may determine the enzyme's selectivity with respect to substrate and inhibitors. The role of these channels has been addressed using crystallography and molecular dynamics, but kinetic data are scarce. Using protein film(More)
Genes potentially coding for three distinct [NiFe] hydrogenases are present in the genome of Aquifex aeolicus. We have demonstrated that all three hydrogenases are expressed under standard growth conditions of the organism. Two hydrogenases were further purified to homogeneity. A periplasmically oriented hydrogenase was obtained in two forms, i.e., as a(More)
Cytochrome c nitrite reductase (NrfA) from Escherichia coli has a well established role in the respiratory reduction of nitrite to ammonium. More recently the observation that anaerobically grown E. coli nrf mutants were more sensitive to NO. than the parent strain led to the proposal that NrfA might also participate in NO. detoxification. Here we describe(More)
Hydrogenases catalyze the conversion between 2H(+) + 2e(-) and H(2)(1). Most of these enzymes are inhibited by O(2), which represents a major drawback for their use in biotechnological applications. Improving hydrogenase O(2) tolerance is therefore a major contemporary challenge to allow the implementation of a sustainable hydrogen economy. We succeeded in(More)
Kinetic, EPR, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis of Desulfovibrio fructosovorans [NiFe] hydrogenase mutants targeted to Glu-25 indicated that this amino acid participates in proton transfer between the active site and the protein surface during the catalytic cycle. Replacement of that glutamic residue by a glutamine did not modify the(More)
Escherichia coli can reduce nitrite to ammonium via a 120-kDa decaheme homodimeric periplasmic nitrite reductase (NrfA) complex. Recent structure-based spectropotentiometric studies are shedding light on the catalytic mechanism of NrfA; however, electron input into the enzyme has not been addressed biochemically. This study reports the first purification of(More)
Electrons are transferred over long distances along chains of FeS clusters in hydrogenases, mitochondrial complexes, and many other respiratory enzymes. It is usually presumed that electron transfer is fast in these systems, despite the fact that there has been no direct measurement of rates of FeS-to-FeS electron transfer in any respiratory enzyme. In this(More)
The periplasmic nitrate reductase (NapAB), a member of the DMSO reductase superfamily, catalyzes the first step of the denitrification process in bacteria. In this heterodimer, a di-heme NapB subunit is associated to the catalytic NapA subunit that binds a [4Fe-4S] cluster and a bis(molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide) cofactor. Here, we report the kinetic(More)
Rhodobacter sphaeroides periplasmic nitrate reductase (Rs NapAB) is one of the enzymes whose assays give odd results: in spectrophotometric assays with methyl viologen as the electron donor, the activity increases as the reaction progresses, whereas the driving force provided by the soluble redox partner decreases; in protein film voltammetry (PFV), whereby(More)