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The phenotype of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes abnormalities in transepithelial transport of Cl- (refs 1-5), decreased sialylation and increased sulphation and fucosylation of glycoproteins, and lung colonization with Pseudomonas. It is not apparent how these abnormalities are interrelated, nor how they result from loss of function of the CF gene-encoded(More)
The intercalated epithelial cell exists in two interconvertible forms in vivo, one where band 3 protein is apical and the other where it is basolateral. We seeded an immortalized clone of these cells at low density and found that band 3 was apical at confluence. There was little or no apical endocytosis. But when the cells were plated at high density, band(More)
Cariprazine {RGH-188; trans-N-[4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]cyclohexyl]-N',N'-dimethylurea hydrochloride}, a novel candidate antipsychotic, demonstrated approximately 10-fold higher affinity for human D(3) versus human D(2L) and human D(2S) receptors (pKi 10.07, 9.16, and 9.31, respectively). It displayed high affinity at human serotonin(More)
We investigated the in vivo effects of orally administered cariprazine (RGH-188; trans-N-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-N',N'-dimethyl-urea), a D(3)/D(2) dopamine receptor partial agonist with ∼10-fold preference for the D(3) receptor. Oral bioavailability of cariprazine at a dose of 1mg/kg in rats was 52% with peak plasma(More)
Dopamine D(3) receptor partial agonism has been suggested as a potential therapeutic intervention in cocaine addiction. RGH-237 [N-{4-[4-(3-aminocarbonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-butyl}-4-bromo-benzamide] was identified as a novel selective dopamine D(3) receptor partial agonist and used for testing this hypothesis in animal models. The compound showed(More)
The effect of a new psychostimulant, mesocarb was determined on the in vitro uptake of biogenic amines into synaptosomes prepared from whole rat brain and various cerebral regions. Amphetamine was also examined as reference compound. On the other hand, the effects of mesocarb and amphetamine were compared in vivo on the uptake of catecholamines (CA) using(More)
Negative symptoms and cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia are strongly associated with poor functional outcome and reduced quality of life and remain an unmet clinical need. Cariprazine is a dopamine D3/D2 receptor partial agonist with preferential binding to D3 receptors, recently approved by the FDA for the treatment of schizophrenia and(More)
The effect of vinpocetine on excitatory amino acid receptors was examined in the rat brain by two different biochemical approaches. In release experiments with striatal slices, vinpocetine reduced the efflux of dopamine and acetylcholine evoked by glutamate, quisqualate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not that evoked by kainate. In binding experiments(More)
Vinpocetine (Cavinton, Gedeon Richter, Budapest) is widely used as a neuroprotective drug in the prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Vinpocetine is a potent inhibitor of the voltage-dependent Na(+) channels and a selective inhibitor of the Ca(2+)/caldmoduline-dependent phosphodiesterase 1. The clinical efficacy has been supported by(More)
A structure-based virtual screening (SBVS) was conducted on a ligand-supported homology model of the human histamine H4 receptor (hH4R). More than 8.7 million 3D structures derived from different vendor databases were investigated by docking to the hH4R binding site using FlexX. A total of 255 selected compounds were tested by radioligand binding assay and(More)