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When stimuli are available for just a brief period (approximately 100 ms) only restricted spatial information can be processed by the visual system. If the stimuli are presented very briefly, eye movements are not possible. The time during which the after-image of the stimulus is available for inspection is terminated by presentation of a masking pattern.(More)
We used a concurrent-task paradigm to investigate the attentional cost of simple visual tasks. As in earlier studies, we found that detecting a unique orientation in an array of oriented elements ("pop-out") carries little or no attentional cost. Surprisingly, this is true at all levels of performance and holds even when pop-out is barely discriminable. We(More)
Two-dimensional band-pass filtered random-dot cinematograms were used to study apparent movement mediated by the short-range process. In the first experiment maximum displacement (dmax) for correct direction of movement was measured for symmetrically filtered low-pass, medium-pass, and high-pass images. dmax was found to be limited by the grain size in the(More)
A theoretical analysis of how illusory contours are formed in untextured stereograms is presented. This analysis focuses on the role of contour junctions in initiating surface interpolation processes. More specifically, this theory asserts that the matching geometry of stereoscopic junctions-that is, the pattern of matchable and unmatchable features present(More)
An unsolved problem of biology is the processing of global shape in natural vision. The known processes of early vision are spatially restricted (or local) operations, and little is known about their interactions in organizing the visual image into functionally coherent (or global) objects. Here we introduce a human psychophysical method which allows us to(More)
We describe a region-based shape representation that might be particularly useful from a biological perspective because it promotes the localization of objects, and object parts relative to each other. The proposed medial-point representation is similar to medial-axis type representations, but it is more compact. The medial points are those points along the(More)