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In order to understand the sensitivity of alveolar macrophages (AMs) to substrate properties, we have developed a new model of macrophages cultured on substrates of increasing Young's modulus: (i) a monolayer of alveolar epithelial cells representing the supple (approximately 0.1 kPa) physiological substrate, (ii) polyacrylamide gels with two concentrations(More)
The loss of calcium from plasma-sprayed calcium phosphate ceramics (CPCs) on bioinert metal substrate (Ti-6Al-4V) immersed in cell culture medium with or without human osteoblast culture was measured. The ceramics were a CPC and a duplex system composed of a CPC layer on an alumina coating. The dissolution of calcium compounds was monitored by measuring the(More)
The present paper addresses the following question: can a simple regulatory bone remodeling model predict effects of unloading conditions on the trabecular bone morphology? In an attempt to answer this question, rat tail-suspension was chosen as a model that mimics the microgravity environment. Over 23 days, histomorphometric analysis was carried out on(More)
A new experimental method has been used to study the behaviour of human osteoblasts cultured on bioceramics subjected to mechanical strains. The ceramics were alumina, hydroxyapatite (HA) and a duplex system composed of hydroxyapatite-covered alumina. The system applied 400 microdeformations for a 6-h period with a cycle frequency of 0.5 Hz to osteoblasts(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify a parameter allowing the standardization of the Cell Transit Analyzer (CTA) in order to study the individual deformability of each explored Red Blood Cell (RBC). Using theoretical arguments based on the principle of the CTA, we calculated the thickness "x" of the crown of fluid surrounding each RBC during its entry(More)
Carboxylated, sulfated and/or phosphorylated surfaces are admitted as potential optimal templates for biomimetic deposition of calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings in view of improving implants' osseointegration. Layer-by-layer films were built up consisting of anionic chondroitin sulfate (ChS), a biological carboxylated and sulfated polysaccharide and cationic(More)
The design of biomimetic coatings capable of improving the osseointegration of bone biomaterials is a current challenge in the field of bone repair. Toward this end, layer-by-layer (LbL) films composed of natural components are suitable candidates. Chondroitin sulfate A (CSA), a natural glycosaminoglycan (GAG), was used as the polyanionic component because(More)
We combined topographical and chemical surface modifications of Ti-6Al-4V (TA6V) to improve its osteogenic potential. By acid-etching, we first generated topomimetic surface features resembling, in size and roughness, bone cavities left by osteoclasts. Next, we coated these surfaces with biomimetic Layer-by-Layer films (LbL), composed of chondroitin sulfate(More)
A method for the coupling of polyacrylamide beads to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) vascular prostheses is described. The reactional procedure used is performed along several steps; acrylic acid grafting on PET textile fibres, in order to introduce reactive carboxylic groups, introduction of terminal primary amine groups onto the beads, and then,(More)
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) coatings are promising tools for the biofunctionalization of biomaterials, as they allow stress-free immobilization of proteins. Here, we explore the possibility to immobilize phosvitin, a highly phosphorylated protein viewed as a model of bone phosphoproteins and, as such, a potential promotive agent of surface-directed(More)