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Sexual behavior in female rats depends on the action of estradiol on estrogen receptors (ERs) found in particular brain regions. While hormonal regulation of female sexual behavior requires ER␣, the possible functions of ER␤ remain to be clarified. Mating stimulation has several behavioral and physiological consequences and induces Fos expression in many(More)
Estrogen and progestin receptors (ER, PgR) play a critical role in the regulation of neuroendocrine functions in females. The neuroanatomical distribution of the recently cloned, ER beta, overlaps with both ER alpha and PgR. To determine whether ER beta is found within ER alpha- or PgR-containing neurons in female rat, we used dual label(More)
Earlier studies reported that neural stem (NS) cells injected into blastocysts appeared to be pluripotent, differentiating into cells of all three germ layers. In this study, we followed in vitro green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled NS and embryonic stem (ES) cells injected into blastocysts. Forty-eight hours after injection, significantly fewer(More)
Estradiol and other hormones are thought to be critical for the onset, but not maintenance, of maternal behavior in rats. Maternal behavior is instead maintained postpartum by tactile stimulation that dams receive during interactions with pups, and many neural sites implicated in the control of maternal behavior show elevated c-fos activity in response to(More)
Sensory cues from male rats, such as odours and vaginal-cervical stimulation (VCS), play a modulatory role in female rat sexual behaviour. For example, exposure to male odours and VCS appears to be at least partially responsible for increases in sexual behaviour following repeated mating of oestradiol-primed female rats. Although there is evidence that VCS(More)
Transplantation of neural precursor cells has been proposed as a possible approach for replacing missing or damaged central nervous system myelin. Neonatal and adult myelin-deficient shiverer (shi) mice, bearing a mutation of the myelin basic protein (MBP) gene, have been used extensively as hosts for testing cell engraftment, migration, and myelination,(More)
Vaginocervical stimulation (VCS) has a variety of effects on the brain, physiology and behaviour. Previous work demonstrated that a progestin antagonist blocked neuronal response to VCS (i.e. Fos expression) in the absence of progesterone in some neurones, and suggested that some of the effects of VCS on the brain are mediated by ligand-independent(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)beta is present in hypothalamic and limbic neurons of female rat brains, but little is known about its regulation under physiological conditions. To determine whether ER beta expression varies during physiological conditions in which sex steroid hormone profiles are significantly different, we used in situ hybridization to assess ER(More)
Sexual behavior in female rats depends on the action of estradiol on estrogen receptors (ERs) found in particular brain regions. While hormonal regulation of female sexual behavior requires ERalpha, the possible functions of ERbeta remain to be clarified. Mating stimulation has several behavioral and physiological consequences and induces Fos expression in(More)
Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is frequently effective therapy for aplastic anemia. Its mechanism of action is often assumed to be upon a lymphocyte inhibitor of hematopoiesis. However, specificity for T lymphocytes would not be anticipated from consideration of the method of preparing ATG. In fact, using flow microfluorometry and fluorescence(More)