Béatrice Denis

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BACKGROUND Carotid stenting is a potential alternative to carotid endarterectomy but whether this technique is as safe as surgery and whether the long-term protection against stroke is similar to that of surgery are unclear. We previously reported that in patients in the Endarterectomy Versus Angioplasty in Patients with Symptomatic Severe Carotid Stenosis(More)
MR spectroscopy of the posterior fossa is pitted with numerous technical difficulties. It is, however, of great clinical interest in the study of the degenerative diseases and tumors of this area. We have developed a method to perform 2D CSI of this area, by using a sagittal slice and a careful positioning of outer volume saturation. We performed this(More)
In terrestrial insects, cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) provide protection from desiccation. Specific CHCs can also act as pheromones, which are important for successful mating. Oenocytes are abdominal cells thought to act as specialized units for CHC biogenesis that consists of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) synthesis, optional desaturation(s), elongation to(More)
Temporal surveys of hobo transposable elements in natural populations reveal a historical pattern suggesting a recent world-wide invasion of D. melanogaster by these transposons, perhaps following a recent horizontal transfer. To clarify the dynamics of hobo elements in natural populations, and thus to provide further data for our understanding of the hobo(More)
Mated Drosophila melanogaster females show a decrease in mating receptivity, enhanced ovogenesis, egg-laying and activation of juvenile hormone (JH) production. Components in the male seminal fluid, especially the sex peptide ACP70A stimulate these responses in females. Here we demonstrate that ACP70A is involved in the down-regulation of female sex(More)
L'accouplement naturel d'une chèvre avec un bélier a produit une femelle hybride fertile dont le caryotype composé de 57 chromosomes comprend trois autosomes métacentriques. Celle-ci, sajllie par un bélier Solognot, a mis bas deux mâles, l'un mort-né et l'autre vivant. Le caryotype de ce dernier était composé de 54 chromosomes. Summary Chromosome study of a(More)
The dominant cuticular hydrocarbons (HC) in Drosophila simulans are 7-tricosene (7-T) and 7-pentacosene (7-P). The 7-T is the major HC in East Africa and in other continents. In West Africa, D. simulans is very rare and displays 7-P as the major compound. We studied three D. simulans strains from Egypt (Eg), Sao-Tome (ST), and Cameroon (Cam), with 7-T,(More)
Drosophila yakuba is widespread in Africa. Here we compare the cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profiles and mating behavior of mainland (Kounden, Cameroon) and island (Mayotte, Sao-Tome, Bioko) populations. The strains each had different CHC profiles: Bioko and Kounden were the most similar, while Mayotte and Sao-Tome contained significant amounts of(More)
Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is a minimally invasive technique which is the standard of reference in many clinical situations (e.g distal choledocolithiasis, recurrent lithiasis or bile duct stenosis). Complication are rare but are often misdiagnosed although radiological aspects are demonstrative. The purpose of this study is to illustrate the patterns(More)
BACKGROUND Azadirachtin is a prominent natural pesticide and represents an alternative to conventional insecticides. It has been successfully used against insect pests. However, its effects on reproduction require further analysis. Here we investigated lethal and sublethal effects of azadirachtin, on treated adults in a model insect, Drosophila melanogaster(More)