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Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disorder. Two forms can be distinguished clinically: complete CSNB (cCSNB) and incomplete CSNB. Individuals with cCSNB have visual impairment under low-light conditions and show a characteristic electroretinogram (ERG). The b-wave amplitude is severely reduced(More)
Previous studies evidenced that cystatin B-like gene is specifically expressed and induced in large circulating coelomic cells following bacterial challenge in the leech Theromyzon tessulatum. In order to understand the role of that cysteine proteinase inhibitor during immune response, we investigated the existence of members of cathepsin family. We cloned(More)
Vitelliform macular dystrophies (VMD) are inherited retinal dystrophies characterized by yellow, round deposits visible upon fundus examination and encountered in individuals with juvenile Best macular dystrophy (BMD) or adult-onset vitelliform macular dystrophy (AVMD). Although many BMD and some AVMD cases harbor mutations in BEST1 or PRPH2, the underlying(More)
PURPOSE To assess the frequency of and to characterize the clinical spectrum and optical coherence tomography findings of vitelliform macular dystrophy linked to IMPG1 and IMPG2, 2 new causal genes expressed in the interphotoreceptor matrix. DESIGN Retrospective epidemiologic, clinical, electrophysiologic, and molecular genetic study. PARTICIPANTS The(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a genetic approach of BEST1 and PRPH2 screening according to age of onset, family history, and Arden ratio in patients with juvenile vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD2) or adult-onset vitelliform macular dystrophy (AVMD), which are characterized by autofluorescent deposits. DESIGN Clinical, electrophysiologic, and molecular(More)
Neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase), the initial enzyme of the sphingolipid signaling pathway, is thought to play a key role in cellular responses to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), such as inflammation, proliferation, and apoptosis. The mechanism of TNF-alpha-induced nSMase activation is only partly understood. Using biochemical, molecular, and(More)
Autosomal-recessive optic neuropathies are rare blinding conditions related to retinal ganglion cell (RGC) and optic-nerve degeneration, for which only mutations in TMEM126A and ACO2 are known. In four families with early-onset recessive optic neuropathy, we identified mutations in RTN4IP1, which encodes a mitochondrial ubiquinol oxydo-reductase. RTN4IP1 is(More)
The Pea3 transcription factor (which belongs to the PEA3 group) from the Ets family has been shown to be involved in mammary embryogenesis and oncogenesis. However, except for proteinases, only few of its target genes have been reported. In the present report, we identified bax as a Pea3 up-regulated gene. We provide evidence of this regulation by using(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) is a genetically heterogeneous disease resulting in progressive loss of photoreceptors that leads to blindness. To date, 36 genes are known to cause arRP, rendering the molecular diagnosis a challenge. The aim of this study was to use homozygosity mapping to identify the causative mutation in a series(More)
In this paper, we report results on an original way to excite surface waves on a single-wire transmission line. Although these waves were proposed many decades ago by Goubau, the novelty of our structures is to achieve a broadband planar excitement. This configuration is very well suited for the terahertz frequency range and allows the investigation of(More)