Bärbel Rohrer

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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acts through TrkB, a receptor with kinase activity, and mitigates light-induced apoptosis in adult mouse rod photoreceptors. To determine whether TrkB signaling is necessary for rod development and function, we examined the retinas of mice lacking all isoforms of the TrkB receptor. Rod migration and differentiation(More)
PURPOSE RPE65 is essential for the generation of 11-cis retinal. Rod photoreceptors in the RPE65-knockout (Rpe65(-/-)) mouse are known to degenerate slowly with age. This study was designed to examine cone photoreceptors and the expression of cone-specific genes in the Rpe65(-/-) mouse. METHODS Gene expression changes were identified by microarray and(More)
The influence of neural activity on the morphology of retinal-axon-terminal arbors and the precision of the developing retinotectal projection in zebrafish embryos was explored. Terminal-arbor morphology and their distribution in the tectum was determined with anatomical fiber-tracing methods using the fluorescent dyes dil and diO. To allow development(More)
Uncontrolled activation of the alternative pathway of complement is thought to be associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The alternative pathway is continuously activated in the fluid phase, and tissue surfaces require continuous complement inhibition to prevent spontaneous autologous tissue injury. Here, we examined the effects of(More)
During early postnatal development, apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is regulated by target contact with the optic tectum. The neurotrophins BDNF and NT-4, but not NGF, prevent the apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells that is otherwise observed after target ablation or axotomy. Thus receptors activated by BDNF and NT-4 are candidates to mediate the(More)
PURPOSE Optic neuritis (ON), inflammation of the optic nerve, is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is initiated by the attack of autoreactive T cells against self-myelin antigens, resulting in demyelination, degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and cumulative visual impairment. METHODS Experimental(More)
PURPOSE In retinal degenerative diseases, rod photoreceptors typically deteriorate more rapidly than cone photoreceptors. In the Rpe65(-/-) mouse, a model for Leber's congenital amaurosis, cones degenerate much more rapidly than rods. In this model, the retinoid processing pathway in the retinal pigment epithelium is disrupted, and 11-cis retinal is not(More)
To determine whether the photoreceptors change structurally and functionally during aging, and to analyze whether pigmentation in the retinal pigment epithelium might be a contributing factor. Young, adult, and aged C57BL/6 and Balb/c mice (1, 4, and 17 months of age) were housed under a 12-h light/12-h dark cycle, with an ambient light intensity at the eye(More)
PURPOSE Retinal degeneration (RD) is a complex mechanism that appears to involve many biologic processes including oxidative stress, apoptosis, and cellular remodeling. Currently there are 51 mapped, but not identified, RD human disease loci. METHODS To assign possible disease genes to RD loci, we have used a comparative genomics procedure that(More)