Bärbel Rethfeld

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Ion tracks formed in amorphous Ge by swift heavy-ion irradiation have been identified with experiment and modeling to yield unambiguous evidence of tracks in an amorphous semiconductor. Their underdense core and overdense shell result from quenched-in radially outward material flow. Following a solid-to-liquid phase transformation, the volume contraction(More)
The extreme cooling rates in material processing can be achieved in a number of current and emerging femtosecond laser techniques capable of highly localized energy deposition. The mechanisms of rapid solidification of a nanoscale region of a metal film transiently melted by a localized photoexcitation are investigated in a large-scale atomistic simulation.(More)
Motivated by the recent controversy about the importance of spin-flip scattering for ultrafast demagnetization in ferromagnets, we study the spin-dependent electron dynamics based on a dynamical Elliott-Yafet mechanism. The key improvement to earlier approaches is the use of a modified Stoner model with a dynamic exchange splitting between majority and(More)
Control of two basic ionization processes in dielectrics i.e. photo ionization and electron-electron impact ionization on intrinsic time and intensity scales is investigated experimentally and theoretically. Temporally asymmetric femtosecond pulses of identical fluence, spectrum and pulse duration result in different final free electron densities. We found(More)
Ultrafast dynamical processes in solids may be triggered, studied and even manipulated with help of ultrashort laser pulses. Also for materials processing there is an enormous potential of ultrashort laser pulses. Thus, femtosecond laser–solid interaction is of significant interest to the fields of both basic research and industrial applications. Here, I(More)
We develop a model describing the free-electron generation in transparent solids under high-intensity laser irradiation. The multiple rate equation model unifies key points of detailed kinetic approaches and simple rate equations to a widely applicable description, valid on a broad range of time scales. It follows the nonstationary energy distribution of(More)
Laser ablation in an ambient gas is nowadays used in a growing number of applications, such as chemical analysis and pulsed laser deposition. Despite the many applications, the technique is still poorly understood. Therefore models describing the material evolution in time during short pulse laser irradiation can be helpful to unravel the puzzle and finally(More)
The femtosecond dynamics of the electrons in aluminum after an intense extreme ultraviolet pulse is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. Transient distributions of the conduction band electrons show an almost thermalized, low-energy part and a high-energy tail. Constructing emission spectra from these data, we find excellent agreement with measurements.(More)
The present study focuses on the role of mass removal mechanisms in ns-laser ablation. A copper sample is placed in argon, initially set at standard pressure and temperature. Calculations are performed for a 6 ns laser pulse with a wavelength of 532 nm and laser fluences up to 10 J/cm 2. The transient behavior in and above the copper target is described by(More)
Magnetization dynamics on a femtosecond timescale has been observed for a huge variety of magnetic structures. However, the influence of different excitation photon energies has not been studied in detail yet. In our time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect setup we excite a Nickel bulk system with 1.55 and 3.1 eV, respectively, leading to different(More)