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A generally applicable method for almost complete suppression of signal artifacts on electrophysiological signals caused by B0-gradient switching (gradient noise) is presented. The method is demonstrated for electrocardiograms (ECGs) but can also be used for other electrophysiological signals. It takes advantage of the fact that under certain conditions,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that MBP does not lower the risk of postoperative septic complications after elective colorectal surgery. This randomized clinical trial assessed whether preoperative MBP is beneficial in elective colonic surgery. METHODS A total of 1505 patients, aged 18-85 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists grades(More)
In order to lower unacceptably high local failure rates after surgery reported as curative for rectal cancer, perioperative radiotherapy has been extensively investigated. The collected information from a number of controlled trials indicates that the proportion of local recurrences is reduced to less than half when radiotherapy at moderately high doses is(More)
Limited information is available regarding the effect of age on choice of surgical and oncological treatment for rectal cancer. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of age on treatment and outcome of rectal cancer. We utilized data in the Swedish Rectal Cancer Registry (SRCR) from patients treated for rectal cancer in Sweden in 1995–2004.(More)
PURPOSE To explain a possible association between treatment technique and postoperative mortality after preoperative radiotherapy of rectal carcinoma, the dose distributions were compared in model experiments. METHODS AND MATERIALS Preoperative radiotherapy with a three-beam technique delivered in five fractions to 25 Gy (5 Gy/daily for 5 or 7 days) was(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized study in 1999-2005 of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) preceding colonic resection found no decrease in postoperative complications. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effect of MBP regarding cancer recurrence and survival after colonic resections. METHODS The cohort of patients with colonic cancer in the(More)
The technical limitations of electroencephalography (EEG) and flashed visually-evoked potentials (VEP) recordings in the static magnetic field of the MR system were systematically studied. A main artifact occurring in the magnetic field was found to be correlated with the heart cycle and had amplitudes in the range of EEG and VEP signals. For VEP(More)
OBJECTIVE Subtotal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for slow transit constipation has several side-effects. The motor abnormality in some patients may be segmental which could motivate a limited resection of the colon. Therefore a diagnostic tool to identify a segmental colonic motor dysfunction is needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate a(More)
A test substance containing 51CrO--4 was administered to the duodenum of vagotomized or sham-operated, conscious rats for 5 hours at a rate of 3.3 mul/min. The distribution of 51Cr in the stomach, small bowel, caecum and colon was measured with a scintillation counter. Data reduction was made with automatic methods. The activity distribution in the small(More)
Six patients with mediastinal involvement of Hodgkin's disease were examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.35 T before and/or at various stages of therapy, with the sequences TR/TE: 500/35, 500/70, 1600/35 and 1,600/70. Before therapy the image intensity of tumour involved lymph nodes deviated considerably from fat and muscle, but no clear(More)