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Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular damage; however, data on a possible association with kidney damage are scarce. Here, we aimed at investigating whether 1) kidney impairment is related to mitochondrial dysfunction; and 2) ANG II blockade, compared with Ca2+ channel blockade, can reverse potential mitochondrial changes in(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and AT-1 receptor blockers (ARB) are two types of drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), and can attenuate the progression to cardiac and/or renal functional impairment, secondary to diverse pathologies. Some of the beneficial effects of ACEi and ARB occur independently of the ability of these(More)
In the present study, we demonstrate the expression of heme oxygenase (HO) isozymes, HO-1 and HO-2 (listed as HMOX1 and HMOX2 in the MGI Database), in MA-10 Leydig tumor cells and its effect on steroidogenesis. The well-known HO inducer, hemin, increased both HO-1 and HO-2 protein levels and HO-specific activity. Induction of HO by hemin inhibited basal,(More)
Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition can attenuate the effects of aging on renal function and structure; however, its effect on mitochondrial aging is unknown. To investigate whether an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (enalapril) or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (losartan) could mitigate age-associated changes in kidney mitochondria, male(More)
The objective of improving health is intimately associated with preventing and delaying age-related diseases. Nutritional and pharmacological approaches aimed at retarding aging are uncovering mechanisms, whose definitive roles in cell and tissue physiology need to be defined. In this article we hypothesize that peroxisome proliferator activated receptor(More)
Angiotensin II can induce oxidant stress by stimulating vascular superoxide production. Hypertension promotes mitochondrial function decline in brain, liver and heart. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a) hypertension is associated to kidney mitochondrial dysfunction, and b) angiotensin II blockade can reverse potential mitochondrial changes(More)
The renal and cardiac benefits of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition in hypertension exceed those attributable to blood pressure reduction, and seem to involve mitochondrial function changes. To investigate whether mitochondrial changes associated with RAS inhibition are related to changes in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, four groups of male Wistar(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that several mechanisms, associated or not with antioxidant actions, are involved in the effects of flavonoids on health. Flavonoid-rich beverages, foods, and extracts, as well as pure flavonoids are studied for the prevention and/or amelioration of metabolic syndrome (MS) and MS-associated diseases. We summarize evidence(More)
This study was conducted to shed light on the so far unexplored intracellular mechanisms underlying negative modulation of Leydig cell steroidogenesis by histamine (HA). Using the MA-10 cell line and highly purified rat Leydig cells as experimental models, we examined the effect of the amine on biochemical steps known to be modulated by HA or involved in(More)
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables have been associated with benefits for human health. Those effects have been partially ascribed to their content in flavonoids, compounds that are present in many edible plants and its derived foods. In humans, a significant number of studies has been developed analyzing the effect of foods and beverages rich in(More)