Azra Shamseddin

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Background: Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. Infections of human are common and are usually asymptomatic. The infection may be serious if is transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy. Prophylactic measures, early detection of the infection and treatment can avoid congenital toxoplasmosis and many long term(More)
BACKGROUND Tonsils and adenoids are involved in both local immunity and immune surveillance for the development of immune defence mechanisms. A number of investigators have found decreased immunoglobulin levels after adenotonsillectomy while others have failed to find significant changes. The effects of adenotonsillectomy on the cellular immunity of(More)
Background: Vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder that selectively destroys melanocytes in epidermis with an unknown etiology. Objective: To investigate the exon 1 A49G polymorphism of cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (ctla-4) gene in vitiligo patients. Methods: The A49G polymorphism was detected by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length(More)
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