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In this paper, a modified genetic algorithm named as dynamic characterized genetic algorithm (DCGA) is proposed. The new DCGA is then integrated into adaptive beam forming technique to reduce the power usage of adaptive antenna at WCDMA base station (node B) for serving instantaneous mobile needs. As contradict to conventional GA, DCGA is able to adapt(More)
Smart antenna is a well known method to increase the spectral efficiency of the wireless channel and subsequently increase the mobile communication system capacity without jeopardizing the system QoS (De Sousa et al, 2003; Marikar, 2002). There are two major types of smart antenna systems; switch beam antenna and adaptive beam antenna. Adaptive antenna(More)
The increasing usage of robots in manufacturing operations is due to its flexibility and its ability to be reprogrammed easily when the old task changes. The main obstacle in the robotics applications is to minimize the positional errors when it is under real working conditions. This implies that robots have to perform accurately under loaded conditions at(More)
Heterogeneous type of users in modern mobile communication expect network service provider providing high-speed data, multimedia and voice services. However, capacity has always been an issue to any generation of mobile communication technologies as it is always inversely proportionate to QoS (quality of service) in nature. Hence, in order to increase the(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to investigate the occupational hazards among the abattoir workers associated with noncompliance to the meat processing and waste disposal laws in Terengganu State, Malaysia. Occupational hazards are the major source of morbidity and mortality among the animal workers due to exposure to many hazardous situations in their daily(More)
The increasing usage of robots in manufacturing operations is due to its flexibility and its ability to be reprogrammed easily when the old task changes. The main obstacle in the robotics applications is to minimize the positional errors when it is under real working conditions. This implies that robots have to perform accurately under loaded conditions at(More)
PURPOSE Foodborne diseases are common in the developing countries due to the predominant poor food handling and sanitation practices, particularly as a result of inadequate food safety laws, weak regulatory structures, and inadequate funding as well as a lack of appropriate education for food-handlers. The most frequently involved foods in disease outbreaks(More)
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