Aziz U. R. Asghar

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BACKGROUND Many English language words have been used to describe the acupuncture needle sensation known as de qi, words such as dull, aching, and spreading. However, there is little agreement on which actual words are acceptable as descriptors. In experimental trials of acupuncture in which the needle sensation is an important variable, a quantitative(More)
1. The in vitro hemisected spinal cord from young rat was used to investigate the mechanism of serotoninergic modulation of primary afferent-mediated synaptic transmission in the dorsal horn through activation of the 5-HT3 receptor. 2. Dorsal root-evoked excitatory post-synaptic potentials (DR-EPSPs) were recorded intracellularly from dorsal horn neurones.(More)
The difference between superficial and deep needling at acupuncture points has yet to be mapped with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Using a 3T MRI, echo planar imaging data were acquired for 17 right-handed healthy volunteer participants. Two fMRI scans of acupuncture needling were taken in random order in a block design, one for superficial(More)
In this paper, we test the performance of a synchronicity estimator widely applied in Neuroscience, phase lag index (PLI), for brain network inference in EEG. We implement the four sphere head model to simulate the volume conduction problem present in EEG recordings and measure the activity at the scalp of surrogate sources located at the brain level. Then,(More)
The needling sensation of deqi is considered by most acupuncturists to be an important component of acupuncture, yet neuroimaging research that investigates this needle sensation has been limited. In this study we have investigated the effect of deqi and acute pain needling sensations upon brain fMRI blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals. Seventeen(More)
The effect of altered endogenous levels of synaptic glutamate on neurotransmission and synaptic dorsal horn Fos expression was determined in rat spinal cord in vitro. The uptake inhibitor L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (L-PDC, 1mM) was tested against dorsal root-ventral root potentials (DR-VRP), afferent-mediated slow dorsal horn excitatory(More)
The amygdala is known to play an important role in the response to facial expressions that convey fear. However, it remains unclear whether the amygdala's response to fear reflects its role in the interpretation of danger and threat, or whether it is to some extent activated by all facial expressions of emotion. Previous attempts to address this issue using(More)
Neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies have demonstrated a role for the amygdala in processing the perceived trustworthiness of faces, but it remains uncertain whether its responses are linear (with the greatest response to the least trustworthy-looking faces), or quadratic (with increased fMRI signal for the dimension extremes). It is also unclear(More)
Expression of the inducible transcription factor Fos in the spinal dorsal horn in vivo is associated with nociceptive afferent activation, but the underlying stimulation-transcription pathway is less clear. This in vitro spinal cord study concerns the role of protein kinase A and C second messengers in substance P receptor (NK1R)-mediated or nociceptive(More)
This study investigated the role of electrical and chemical synapses in sustaining 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-evoked network activity recorded extracellularly from substantia gelatinosa (SG) of young rat spinal cord in vitro. Superfusion of 4-AP (50 microM) induced two types of activity, the first was observed as large amplitude field population spiking(More)