Learn More
BACKGROUND Cognitive control, defined as the ability to suppress inappropriate thoughts and actions, is compromised in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examines the neural basis of this deficit. METHODS We used a paradigm that incorporates a parametric manipulation within a go/nogo task, so that the number of go trials preceding(More)
The ability to measure the effects of local alterations in blood flow, blood volume and oxygenation by nuclear magnetic resonance has stimulated a surge of activity in functional MRI of many organs, particularly in its application to cognitive neuroscience. However, the exact description of these effects in terms of the interrelations between the MRI signal(More)
In the current study we examined the influence of preceding context on attentional conflict and response competition using a flanker paradigm. Nine healthy right-handed adults participated in a rapid mixed trial event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, in which increasing numbers of either compatible or incompatible trials preceded(More)
Many studies have linked activity in a frontostriatal network with the capacity to suppress inappropriate thoughts and actions, but relatively few have examined the role of connectivity between these structures. Here, we use diffusion tensor imaging to assess frontostriatal connectivity in 21 subjects (ages 7-31 years). Fifteen subjects were tested on a(More)
Dystonia is a brain disorder characterized by sustained involuntary muscle contractions. It is typically inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. While lacking clear degenerative neuropathology, primary dystonia is thought to involve microstructural and functional changes in neuronal circuitry. In the current study, we used(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to visualize the human median nerve on diffusion tensor imaging and to determine the normal fractional anisotropy (FA) value and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the normal median nerve. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The wrists of 20 healthy volunteers and of two patients with carpel tunnel syndrome were examined(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Malignant and atypical meningiomas are prone to recurrence and aggressive growth, which affects treatment planning and prognostication. Investigators have used diffusion-weighted imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps to compare tumor grade and cellularity with the histopathologic findings of intraaxial primary brain(More)
The goal of this study was to use diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to define the location and organization of corticospinal tracts (CSTs) in the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC). The Institutional Review Board approved the study, and informed consent was obtained from all subjects. Eight volunteers and two patients with brain(More)
In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 64 subjects with Huntington disease (HD), 8 g/day of creatine administered for 16 weeks was well tolerated and safe. Serum and brain creatine concentrations increased in the creatine-treated group and returned to baseline after washout. Serum 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OH2'dG) levels, an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE HIV enters the CNS early in the course of infection and produces neuropsychiatric impairment throughout the course of illness, which preferentially affects the subcortical white matter. The development of a neuroimaging marker of HIV may allow for the earliest detection of cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study was to(More)