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Celecoxib pharmacokinetics was evaluated after single and multiple oral dosing; after dosing in a solution and as a solid; with and without food; and after administration into different sites of the GI tract using dog. After oral dosing in a solution, celecoxib was rapidly absorbed and reached maximum concentrations by 1 h; absorption was delayed another 1(More)
Ramelteon is a selective MT(1)/MT(2) receptor agonist, indicated for insomnia treatment. Safety, tolerance, pharmacokinetics, and cognitive performance were evaluated following increasing ramelteon doses. Healthy adults (35-65 years) were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 5 oral ramelteon doses (4, 8, 16, 32, or 64 mg; n = 8 per group) or placebo (n = 20).(More)
Conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) nonspecifically inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), an enzyme critical to normal platelet function, and COX-2, which mediates inflammatory response mechanisms. Celecoxib, an antiarthritic agent that inhibits COX-2 but spares COX-1 at therapeutic doses, is expected to have minimal effects on platelet(More)
Effects of age and gender on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ramelteon, a hypnotic acting via binding to melatonin MT(1) and MT(2) receptors, were evaluated in healthy young (18-34 years) and elderly (63-79 years) volunteers. Part 1 evaluated the pharmacokinetics of open-label oral ramelteon, 16 mg. Part 2 was a double-blind, randomized,(More)
We determined the disposition of a single 300-mg dose of [(14)C]celecoxib in eight healthy male subjects. The [(14)C]celecoxib was administered as a fine suspension reconstituted in 80 ml of an apple juice/Tween 80/ethanol mixture. Blood and saliva samples were collected at selected time intervals after dosing. All urine and feces were collected on the 10(More)
BACKGROUND Alogliptin is a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that is under development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK), pharmacodynamic (PD), and tolerability profiles and explore the efficacy of multiple oral doses of alogliptin in patients with(More)
The plasma protein binding of celecoxib was determined for animals and humans using in vitro and ex vivo methods. Eight, healthy, human volunteers (three male, five female, 20-39 years) received celecoxib (600 mg) BID for 7 days, blood samples were collected and concentrations of bound and unbound celecoxib determined. The fraction of bound drug in the(More)
Valdecoxib is a potent and specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, which is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and the dysmenorrhea pain. Eight male human subjects each received a single 50-mg oral dose of [(14)C]valdecoxib. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected after administration of the radioactive dose. Most of the(More)
BACKGROUND Alogliptin is a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that is under development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to characterize the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tolerability of single oral doses of alogliptin in healthy male subjects. METHODS This was a randomized,(More)
Metabolism of spironolactone in man is extensive and complex. For many years the dethioacetylated metabolite, canrenone, was assumed to be the major metabolite. However, recent studies using specific high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) have demonstrated the presence of spironolactone and the sulfur-containing metabolites 7(More)