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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in the degradation of the extracellular matrix during development and tissue repair, as well as in pathological conditions such as tumor invasion and fibrosis. MMP expression by stromal cells is partly regulated by signals from the neighboring epithelial cells. Keratinocyte-releasable 14-3-3sigma, or(More)
Keloids, hypertrophic scars, and contractures are a result of aberrations of the normal wound healing process. An understanding of the cellular and molecular events that are implicated in the development of these fibroproliferative disorders will allow for optimization of wound healing. In turn, treatment choices can be based on the most current scientific(More)
Peripheral blood fibrocytes are a newly identified leukocyte subpopulation that displays fibroblast-like properties. These blood-borne cells can rapidly enter the site of injury at the same time as circulating inflammatory cells. We hypothesize that circulating fibrocytes represent an important source of fibroblasts for healing of extensive burn wounds(More)
We have previously shown that the expression of collagenase mRNA and activity are suppressed in fibroblasts derived from postburn hypertrophic scar. Although it is known that differential synthesis of collagen and collagenase in postburn hypertrophic scar is one of the main reasons for the excessive accumulation of collagen, it is not clear why the(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 is a well-known fibrogenic cytokine produced by many types of cells including dermal fibroblasts. To investigate whether this fibrogenic cytokine is involved in development of hypertrophic scar, transforming growth factor-beta1 gene expression was evaluated in small skin samples. Because a sufficient quantity of normal skin(More)
Fibrocytes are a unique leukocyte subpopulation implicated in wound healing. They are derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells, display fibroblast-like properties, and synthesize extracellular matrix macromolecules. This study investigated whether fibrocytes are present in healing burn wounds and whether the number of fibrocytes in tissue correlates(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) isoforms are multifunctional cytokines that play an important role in wound healing. Transgenic mice overexpressing TGF-beta in the skin under control of epidermal-specific promoters have provided models to study the effects of increased TGF-beta on epidermal cell growth and cutaneous wound repair. To date, most of(More)
This study was conducted to further explore the mechanism of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) activation, which plays a critical role in many physiological and pathological conditions. We have previously shown that the large (270 kDa), but not small (40 kDa), mannose 6-phosphate receptors facilitate the cellular response to latent TGF-beta1(More)
Methotrexate (MTX), an anti-metabolite and anti-inflammatory drug, has been used to effectively manage and prevent keloids, but its mechanism(s) of action has not been elucidated. Our study sought to evaluate the effect of MTX on the production of key extra cellular matrix components, collagen, and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), produced by fibroblasts(More)