Aziz Boukenter

Learn More
Laser-induced self-organization of regular nanoscale layered patterns in fused silica is investigated using spectroscopy and microscopy methods, revealing a high presence of stable broken oxygen bonds. Longitudinal traces are then generated by replicating static irradiation structures where the nanoscale modulation can cover partially or completely the(More)
We present a new structure for erbium-doped optical fibers [hole-assisted carbon-coated, (HACC)] that, combined with an appropriate choice of codopants in the core, strongly enhances their radiation tolerance. We built an erbium-doped fiber amplifier based on this HACC fiber and characterize its degradation under γ-ray doses up to 315 krad (SiO2) in the ON(More)
We investigated the laser-energy-density dependence of absorption changes and paramagnetic centers induced by a cw Ar(+)laser operating at 5.1 eV, in both unloaded and H(2)-loaded singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers. The induced absorption is measured in the blue and near ultraviolet spectral range by using the 3.1 eV photoluminescence, ascribed to Ge lone(More)
We investigated the efficiencies of two different approaches to increase the radiation hardness of optical amplifiers through development of improved rare-earth (RE) doped optical fibers. We demonstrated the efficiency of codoping with Cerium the core of Erbium/Ytterbium doped optical fibers to improve their radiation tolerance. We compared the γ-rays(More)
The use of distributed strain and temperature in optical fiber sensors based on Brillouin scattering for the monitoring of nuclear waste repository requires investigation of their performance changes under irradiation. For this purpose, we irradiated various fiber types at high gamma doses which represented the harsh environment constraints associated with(More)
Vulnerability of Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometry (OFDR) based sensors to high γ-ray doses (up to 10 MGy) is evaluated with a specific issue of a radiation-hardened temperature and strain monitoring system for nuclear industry. For this, we characterize the main radiation effects that are expected to degrade the sensor performances in such applicative(More)
We report a method for fabricating fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) resistant to very severe environments mixing high radiation doses (up to 3 MGy) and high temperatures (up to 230°C). Such FBGs have been written in two types of radiation resistant optical fibers (pure-silica and fluorine-doped cores) by exposures to a 800 nm femtosecond IR laser at power(More)
The problem of chiral purity in living organisms is still one of the prominent difficulties in the study of the origins of life. In particular the parity non-conservation known to occur in weak interactions could not be related to this lack of symmetry: these physical forces, though universal, are very weak and up to now no amplification process had been(More)
The electronic and optical properties of neutral oxygen vacancies, also called oxygen deficient centers (ODC(I)s), have been investigated in pure and germanium doped silica (both amorphous and α-quartz) through first-principles calculations. By means of density functional theory and many-body perturbation theory (GW approximation and the solution of the(More)
This paper investigates the vulnerability of several micro- and nano-electronic technologies to a mixed harsh environment including high total ionizing dose at MGy levels and high temperature. Such operating conditions have been revealed recently for several applications like new security systems in existing or future nuclear power plants, fusion(More)