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—Recently, the notion of self-similarity has been shown to apply to wide-area and local-area network traffic. In this paper, we show evidence that the subset of network traffic that is due to World Wide Web (WWW) transfers can show characteristics that are consistent with self-similarity, and we present a hypothesized explanation for that self-similarity.(More)
— We study the impact of heterogeneity of nodes, in terms of their energy, in wireless sensor networks that are hierarchically clustered. In these networks some of the nodes become cluster heads, aggregate the data of their cluster members and transmit it to the sink. We assume that a percentage of the population of sensor nodes is equipped with additional(More)
Understanding the nature of the workloads and system demands created by users of the World Wide Web is crucial to properly designing and provisioning Web services. Previous measurements of Web client workloads have been shown to exhibit a number of characteristic features; however, it is not clear how those features may be changing with time. In this study(More)
In this paper we propose models for both temporal and spatial locality of reference in streams of requests am'v-ing at Web servers. W e show that simple models based on document popularity alone are insuficient for capturing either temporal or spatial locality. Instead, we rely on an equivalent, but numerical, representation of a reference stream: a stack(More)
We expose an unorthodox adversarial attack that exploits the transients of a system's adaptive behavior, as opposed to its limited steady-state capacity. We show that a well orchestrated attack could introduce significant inefficiencies that could potentially deprive a network element from much of its capacity, or significantly reduce its service quality,(More)
Research on replication techniques to reduce traac and minimize the latency of information retrieval in a distributed system has concentrated on client-based caching, whereby recently/frequently accessed information is cached at a client (or at a proxy thereof) in anticipation of future accesses. We believe that such myopic solutions|focussing exclusively(More)
We present what we believe to be the first thorough characterization of <i>live</i> streaming media content delivered over the Internet. Our characterization of over 3.5 million requests spanning a 28-day period is done at three increasingly granular levels, corresponding to clients, sessions, and transfers. Our findings support two important conclusions.(More)