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Wastewaters from textile processing and dye-stuff manufacture industries contain substantial amounts of salts in addition to azo dye residues. To examine salinity effects on dye-degrading bacteria, a study was carried out with four azo dyes in the presence of varying concentrations of NaCl (0-100 g l(-1)) with a previously isolated bacterium, Shewanella(More)
The accumulation of solid organic waste is thought to be reaching critical levels in almost all regions of the world. These organic wastes require to be managed in a sustainable way to avoid depletion of natural resources, minimize risk to human health, reduce environmental burdens and maintain an overall balance in the ecosystem. A number of methods are(More)
Extensive applications of persistent organochlorine pesticides like endosulfan on cotton have led to the contamination of soil and water environments at several sites in Pakistan. Microbial degradation offers an effective approach to remove such toxicants from the environment. This study reports the isolation of highly efficient endosulfan degrading(More)
Presence of huge amount of salts in the wastewater of textile dyeing industry is one of the major limiting factors in the development of an effective biotreatment system for the removal of azo dyes from textile effluents. Bacterial spp. capable of thriving under high salt conditions could be employed for the treatment of saline dye-contaminated textile(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Bacillus spp. simultaneously carrying dual traits such as P solubilization and ACC deaminase activity with Bacillus spp. having any one of these traits for improving growth, yield and P uptake by wheat crop. Six Bacillus strains having predominantly either ACC deaminase activity (KA1 and KA2) or P(More)
Environmentally toxic aromatic amines including nitroanilines are commonly generated in dye contaminated wastewater in which azo dyes undergo degradation under anaerobic conditions. The aim of this study was to develop a process for biological treatment of 4-nitroaniline. Three bacteria identified as Acinetobacter sp., Citrobacter freundii and Klebsiella(More)
Wastewater effluents from the textile and other dye-stuff industries contain significant amounts of synthetic dyes that require treatment to prevent groundwater contamination. In research aimed at biotechnology for treatment of azo dyes, this study examined 288 strains of azo-dye degrading bacteria to identify efficient strains and determine incubation(More)
The majority of soil microorganisms can derive ethylene from L-methionine (L-MET), while some rhizobacteria can hydrolyze 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) due to their ACC-deaminase activity. In this study, three strains having either ACC-deaminase activity (Pseudomonas putida biotype A, A7), or the ability to produce ethylene from L-MET(More)
Chlorpyrifos is a broad-spectrum insecticide which is used extensively in agriculture worldwide. Its massive application has led to the contamination of water and soil, and disruption of biogeochemical cycles. In addition, its residues have been detected in various ecological systems. A number of methods are currently available that can be used for the(More)
In this study, effect of various metal ions and salts on biodecolorization of Reactive black-5, azoreductase activity, and growth of Shewanella sp. strain IFN4 was evaluated. Among the tested metals, Cr²⁺, Pb(²⁺, Ni²⁺, Fe²⁺, and Mn²⁺ did not inhibit the biodecolorization of reactive black-5, azoreductase activity and bacterial growth. Three metals (Cu²⁺,(More)