Azeddine Atfi

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional factor that induces a wide variety of cellular processes which affect growth and differentiation. TGF-beta exerts its effects through a heteromeric complex between two transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors, the type I and type II receptors. However, the intracellular signaling(More)
In the growth plate, the interplay between parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and Indian hedgehog (Ihh) signaling tightly regulates chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation during longitudinal bone growth. We found that PTHrP increases the expression of Zfp521, a zinc finger transcriptional coregulator, in prehypertrophic chondrocytes. Mice(More)
Ubiquitin-dependent degradation plays an important role in the negative regulation of TGF-beta signaling. Here, we identify Tiul1 (for TGIF interacting ubiquitin ligase 1), a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase that inhibits TGF-beta signaling by targeting both the activated receptor and Smad2 for degradation. Tiul1 associates constitutively with Smad7 and induces(More)
In general, epidermal growth factor receptor family members stimulate cell proliferation. In contrast, at least one HER4 isoform, JM-a/Cyt1, inhibits cell growth after undergoing a two-step proteolytic cleavage that first produces a membrane-anchored 80-kDa fragment (m80(HER4)) and subsequently liberates a soluble 80-kDa fragment, s80(HER4). Here we report(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, is able to induce osteoblastic differentiation of C2C12 cells. Both Smad and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are essential components of the TGF-beta superfamily signaling machinery. Although Smads have been demonstrated to(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and associated liver cirrhosis represent a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. TGF-beta is an important driver of liver fibrogenesis and cancer; however, its actual impact in human cancer progression is still poorly known. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of(More)
Arkadia is a RING domain E3 ubiquitin ligase that activates the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway by inducing degradation of the inhibitor SnoN/Ski. Here we show that Arkadia contains three successive SUMO-interacting motifs (SIMs) that mediate noncovalent interaction with poly-SUMO2. We identify the third SIM (VVDL) of Arkadia to be the most(More)
Smad7 functions as an intracellular antagonist in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling. In addition to interacting stably with the activated TGF-beta type I receptor (TbetaRI) to prevent phosphorylation of the receptor-regulated Smads (Smad2 and Smad3), Smad7 also induces degradation of the activated TbetaRI through association with(More)
Runx2 is indispensable for osteoblast lineage commitment and early differentiation but also blocks osteoblast maturation, thereby causing bone loss in Runx2 transgenic mice. Zinc finger protein 521 (Zfp521) antagonizes Runx2 in vivo. Eliminating one Zfp521 allele mitigates the cleidocranial dysplasia-like phenotype of newborn Runx2(+/-) mice, whereas(More)
AKT/PKB kinases transmit insulin and growth factor signals downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). AKT activation involves phosphorylation at two residues, Thr(308) and Ser(473), mediated by PDK1 and the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2), respectively. Impaired AKT activation is a key factor in metabolic disorders involving(More)