Azarakhsh Mokri

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Clinical and experimental observations show individual differences in the development of addiction. Increasing evidence supports the hypothesis that dopamine receptor availability in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) predisposes drug reinforcement. Here, modeling striatal-midbrain dopaminergic circuit, we propose a reinforcement learning model for addiction based(More)
Based on the dopamine hypotheses of cocaine addiction and the assumption of decrement of brain reward system sensitivity after long-term drug exposure, we propose a computational model for cocaine addiction. Utilizing average reward temporal difference reinforcement learning, we incorporate the elevation of basal reward threshold after long-term drug(More)
Gradual adaptations of the brain to repeated drug exposure may induce addiction. Brain mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway is the site of the effect of addictive drugs. The dopamine receptors in peripheral blood lymphocytes may reflect the status of homologous brain receptors. In the present study, the effects of opioid addiction on mRNA expression of dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Although several studies have been performed to evaluate the personality differences amongst smokers with different dependency levels, they do not use constant criteria for patients selection. The inconsistencies between some of these findings suggest the need for using solid criteria such as the modified Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (mFTQ)(More)
AIM Methamphetamine use is a new health concern in Iran, the most populated Persian Gulf country. However, there is no well-documented literature. The current study objectives were to systematically review all published English and Persian studies of the prevalence of methamphetamine use, the general physical and psychiatric-related harms and the(More)
We investigated how frequency and amount of punishment affect the decision making of Iranian subjects. In our first experiment, performing a computer-based Persian version of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), our subjects scored remarkably lower than their Western counterparts. Moreover, our subjects chose more frequently and more rapidly from decks that had(More)
Glutamate is critically involved in opioid addiction. It has been suggested that neurotransmitter receptors expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes may reflect brain status. In the present study, using Real-time PCR, the mRNA expression of NR2D and NR3B subunits of NMDA glutamate receptor has been investigated in peripheral blood lymphocytes of four(More)
Introduction: Craving to methamphetamine is a significant health concern and exposure to methamphetamine cues in laboratory can induce craving. In this study, a task designing procedure for evaluating methamphetamine cue-induced craving in laboratory conditions is examined.
BACKGROUND During withdrawal, patients experience different symptoms. These symptoms are associated with relapse. Understanding different outcomes of methamphetamine abstinence is useful for finding better treatments for dependence. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to show the effects of abstinence on depression, anxiety, and quality of life in methamphetamine(More)