Azadeh Ebrahim-Habibi

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Trans-chalcone (1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one), a biphenolic core structure of flavonoids precursor was tested for inhibitory activity toward alpha-amylase. Porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase was observed to be effectively inhibited by this compound, which showed competitive behavior with a K i of 48 μM. Soluble starch (the natural substrate of the enzyme) was(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that alpha-chymotrypsin (CT) can be driven toward amyloid aggregation by addition of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE), at intermediate concentrations. In the present article, the process of TFE-induced CT aggregation was investigated in more detailed kinetic terms where the effects of medium conditions, such as temperature,(More)
Localized deposits of amyloid structures are observed in various pathological conditions. One example of when local amyloidosis occurs is following repeated insulin injections in diabetic patients. The present study aimed to simulate the same condition in mice. To obtain the amyloid structures, regular insulin was incubated at 57 ̊C for 24 h. The(More)
trans-Chalcone is the core structure of naringenin chalcone, located halfway in the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids. Flavonoids have been reported as mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitors, a property which could be useful in the management of postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetes and related disorders. As a mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitor in vitro, the(More)
Protein aggregation is of crucial importance in a wide variety of situations. High temperatures, combined with other denaturing conditions, have been used very extensively to decipher some of the fundamentals related to formation of amorphous and fibrillar protein aggregates. The present study reports on the dependency of thermal aggregation of bovine liver(More)
Naturally occurring polyamines are known to interact with a variety of biomolecules and critically involve in some important physiological processes. They have also been shown to influence protein aggregation in vitro in some cases. The aim of the present study was to investigate how polyamines may influence the structure and thermal stability of(More)
von Hippel-Lindau (vHL) disease is an inherited, autosomal dominant syndrome manifested by a variety of benign and malignant tumors. More than 300 germline VHL mutations have been identified that are involved in VHL disease. A large family (four generations) was evaluated. In this paper we report the presence of a single nucleotide mutation in exon 3 of VHL(More)
Metformin (Met) is used to treat neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Conversely, high-fat diets (HFD) have been shown to increase AD risk. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of Met on β-amyloid (Aβ)-induced impairments in hippocampal synaptic plasticity in AD model rats that were fed a HFD. In this study, 32(More)
Yeast hexokinase has been poorly characterized in regard with its stability. In the present study, various spectroscopic techniques were employed to investigate thermal stability of the monomeric form of yeast hexokinase B (YHB). The enzyme underwent a conformational transition with a T(m) of about 41.9 degrees C. The structural transition proved to be(More)
The 25-35 fragment of the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide is a naturally occurring proteolytic by-product that retains the pathophysiology of its larger parent molecule, whose deposition has been shown to involve mitochondrial dysfunction. Hence, disruption of Aβ(25-35) aggregates could afford an effective remedial strategy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the(More)