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Trans-chalcone (1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one), a biphenolic core structure of flavonoids precursor was tested for inhibitory activity toward alpha-amylase. Porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase was observed to be effectively inhibited by this compound, which showed competitive behavior with a K(i) of 48 μM. Soluble starch (the natural substrate of the enzyme) was(More)
Naturally occurring polyamines are known to interact with a variety of biomolecules and critically involve in some important physiological processes. They have also been shown to influence protein aggregation in vitro in some cases. The aim of the present study was to investigate how polyamines may influence the structure and thermal stability of(More)
von Hippel-Lindau (vHL) disease is an inherited, autosomal dominant syndrome manifested by a variety of benign and malignant tumors. More than 300 germline VHL mutations have been identified that are involved in VHL disease. A large family (four generations) was evaluated. In this paper we report the presence of a single nucleotide mutation in exon 3 of VHL(More)
Metformin (Met) is used to treat neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Conversely, high-fat diets (HFD) have been shown to increase AD risk. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of Met on β-amyloid (Aβ)-induced impairments in hippocampal synaptic plasticity in AD model rats that were fed a HFD. In this study, 32(More)
trans-Chalcone is the core structure of naringenin chalcone, located halfway in the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids. Flavonoids have been reported as mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitors, a property which could be useful in the management of postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetes and related disorders. As a mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitor in vitro, the(More)
The 25-35 fragment of the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide is a naturally occurring proteolytic by-product that retains the pathophysiology of its larger parent molecule, whose deposition has been shown to involve mitochondrial dysfunction. Hence, disruption of Aβ(25-35) aggregates could afford an effective remedial strategy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing prevalence of obesity is considered a serious global health threat. Mainly due to change of diet and reduced physical activity, obesity is an important risk factor for chronic diseases. A higher level of cytokines and a general inflammatory state has also been associated with this condition. With this regard, potential anti-obesity(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible neurodegenerative condition in which abnormal accumulation of amyloid plaques is observed, and for which no effective treatment still exist. In recent years, many aromatic small molecules have been observed to have anti-amyloid effect, and may have the potential to attenuate AD symptoms. The indole core and the(More)
Studies on the aggregation of mutant proteins have provided new insights into the genetics of amyloid diseases and the role of the net charge of the protein on the rate, extent, and type of aggregate formation. In the present work, hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) was employed as the model protein. Acetylation and (separately) citraconylation were employed to(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that alpha-chymotrypsin (CT) can be driven toward amyloid aggregation by addition of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE), at intermediate concentrations. In the present article, the process of TFE-induced CT aggregation was investigated in more detailed kinetic terms where the effects of medium conditions, such as temperature,(More)