Ayumu Yamamoto

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Degenerative disorders of motor neurons include a range of progressive fatal diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), spinal-bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Although the causative genetic alterations are known for some cases, the molecular basis of many SMA and SBMA-like syndromes and most ALS cases is(More)
Meiotic recombination requires pairing of homologous chromosomes, the mechanisms of which remain largely unknown. When pairing occurs during meiotic prophase in fission yeast, the nucleus oscillates between the cell poles driven by astral microtubules. During these oscillations, the telomeres are clustered at the spindle pole body (SPB), located at the(More)
During meiotic prophase in fission yeast, the nucleus migrates back and forth between the two ends of the cell, led by the spindle pole body (SPB). This nuclear oscillation is dependent on astral microtubules radiating from the SPB and a microtubule motor, cytoplasmic dynein. Here we have examined the dynamic behavior of astral microtubules labeled with the(More)
Pairing of homologous chromosomes is important for homologous recombination and correct chromosome segregation during meiosis. It has been proposed that telomere clustering, nuclear oscillation, and recombination during meiotic prophase facilitate homologous chromosome pairing in fission yeast. Here we examined the contributions of these chromosomal events(More)
A Schizosaccharomyces pombe spindle pole body (SPB) protein interacts in a two-hybrid system with Dlc1, which belongs to the 14-kDa Tctex-1 dynein light chain family. Green fluorescent protein-tagged Dlc1 accumulated at the SPB throughout the life cycle. During meiotic prophase, Dlc1 was present along astral microtubules and microtubule-anchoring sites on(More)
Fission yeast does not form synaptonemal complexes in meiotic prophase. Instead, linear elements appear that resemble the axial cores of other eukaryotes. They have been proposed to be minimal structures necessary for proper meiotic chromosome functions. We examined linear element formation in meiotic recombination deficient mutants. The rec12, rec14 and(More)
At meiosis I, sister chromatids attach to the same spindle pole (i.e. monopolar attachment). Mechanisms establishing monopolar attachment remain largely unknown. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, monopolar attachment is established in haploid cells, indicating that homologous chromosomes are dispensable for its establishment. This monopolar(More)
During meiosis, telomeres cluster and promote homologous chromosome pairing. Telomere clustering requires the interaction of telomeres with the nuclear membrane proteins SUN (Sad1/UNC-84) and KASH (Klarsicht/ANC-1/Syne homology). The mechanism by which telomeres gather remains elusive. In this paper, we show that telomere clustering in fission yeast depends(More)
Mice and/or rats are usually used to detect chemical carcinogenicity and it has been known that there are species differences in carcinogenicity. To know whether there are species difference in genotoxicity, we conducted comparative investigation of multiple organs of mice and rats in the comet assay. Since the sensitivity to xenobiotics is different for(More)
The chiasma is a structure that forms between a pair of homologous chromosomes by crossover recombination and physically links the homologous chromosomes during meiosis. Chiasmata are essential for the attachment of the homologous chromosomes to opposite spindle poles (bipolar attachment) and their subsequent segregation to the opposite poles during meiosis(More)