Ayumi Yoshida

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In this paper, we provide the first report of utilizing recombinant fungal whole cells in enzymatic biodiesel production. Aspergillus oryzae, transformed with a heterologous lipase-encoding gene from Fusarium heterosporum, produced fully processed and active forms of recombinant F. heterosporum lipase (FHL). Cell immobilization within porous biomass support(More)
An engineering approach was applied to an efficient biodiesel production from waste cooking oil. In this work, an enzymatic packed-bed reactor (PBR) was integrated with a glycerol-separating system and used successfully for methanolysis, yielding a methyl ester content of 94.3% and glycerol removal of 99.7%. In the glycerol-separating system with enhanced(More)
The cell surface engineering system, in which functional proteins are genetically displayed on microbial cell surfaces, has recently become a powerful tool for applied biotechnology. Here, we report on the surfactant modification of surface-displayed lipase to improve its performance for enzymatic synthesis reactions. The lipase activities of the(More)
The proton-pumping H+,K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (H,K-ATPase), responsible for acid secretion by the gastric parietal cell, faces a harshly acidic environment, with some pepsin from neighboring chief cells, at its luminal surface. Its large catalytic alpha-subunit is mostly oriented cytoplasmically. The smaller beta-subunit (HKbeta), is mainly(More)
2-Methyl-8-(phenylmethoxy)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-acetonitrile (SCH 28080) is a reversible inhibitor specific for the gastric proton pump. The inhibition pattern is competitive with K(+). Here we studied the binding sites of this inhibitor on the putative three-dimensional structure of the gastric proton pump alpha-subunit that was constructed by homology(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), an important regulator of cell differentiation, is biosynthesized from retinol via retinal by a two-step oxidation process. We previously reported the purification and partial amino acid (aa) sequence of a rat kidney aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) isozyme that catalyzed the oxidation of 9-cis and all-trans retinal to corresponding RA with(More)
We developed a convenient chromogenic assay method for the activity of sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus. SMase reaction was quenched by Zn(2+), and the released phosphocholine was converted into a choline by the action of alkaline phosphatase. After that, the choline was converted into a chromogenic dye by the actions of choline oxidase and(More)
The enzymatic process presents an advantage of producing specified phospholipids that rarely exist in nature. In this study, we investigated the regiospecific modification of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in the sn-1 position using immobilized Rhizopus oryzae. In a reaction mixture containing egg yolk PC and exogenous lauric acid (LA) in n-hexane,(More)
Water activity (a(w)) is a crucial parameter affecting enzymatic synthetic reactions in organic media. In this paper, we report on the a(w) dependence of surface-displayed lipases, genetically immobilized on yeast cells via fusion with cell wall proteins. When Saccharomyces cerevisiae displaying Rhizopus oryzae lipase was used for esterification in(More)
Sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus has been known to be activated by Mg2+, Mn2+, and Co2+, but strongly inhibited by Zn2+. In the present study, we investigated the effects of several kinds of metal ions on the catalytic activity of B. cereus SMase, and found that the activity was inhibited by Zn2+ at its higher concentrations or at higher pH(More)