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The cell surface engineering system, in which functional proteins are genetically displayed on microbial cell surfaces, has recently become a powerful tool for applied biotechnology. Here, we report on the surfactant modification of surface-displayed lipase to improve its performance for enzymatic synthesis reactions. The lipase activities of the(More)
We developed a convenient chromogenic assay method for the activity of sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus. SMase reaction was quenched by Zn(2+), and the released phosphocholine was converted into a choline by the action of alkaline phosphatase. After that, the choline was converted into a chromogenic dye by the actions of choline oxidase and(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), an important regulator of cell differentiation, is biosynthesized from retinol via retinal by a two-step oxidation process. We previously reported the purification and partial amino acid (aa) sequence of a rat kidney aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) isozyme that catalyzed the oxidation of 9-cis and all-trans retinal to corresponding RA with(More)
Adipocyte lines are a useful tool for adipocyte research. Recently, a new preadipocyte line designated AP-18 was established from subcutaneous tissue of the C3H/He mouse. In this study, we further characterized AP-18 cells. Adipocyte differentiation was assessed by accumulation of fat droplets stained by Oil Red O. The expression of the preadipocyte- or(More)
In this paper, we provide the first report of utilizing recombinant fungal whole cells in enzymatic biodiesel production. Aspergillus oryzae, transformed with a heterologous lipase-encoding gene from Fusarium heterosporum, produced fully processed and active forms of recombinant F. heterosporum lipase (FHL). Cell immobilization within porous biomass support(More)
The enzymatic process presents an advantage of producing specified phospholipids that rarely exist in nature. In this study, we investigated the regiospecific modification of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in the sn-1 position using immobilized Rhizopus oryzae. In a reaction mixture containing egg yolk PC and exogenous lauric acid (LA) in n-hexane,(More)
A major obstacle in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma is the intrinsic/acquired resistance to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Copper-transporting P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP7B) has been reported to be associated with cisplatin resistance in vitro. However, the clinical significance of this transporter has not previously been addressed. Our goal(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) has been identified as a VEGF-A receptor. DJM-1, a human skin cancer cell line, expresses endogenous VEGF-A and NRP1. In the present study, the RNA interference of VEGF-A or NRP1 suppressed DJM-1 cell proliferation. Furthermore, the overexpression of the NRP1 wild type restored shNRP1-treated DJM-1 cell proliferation, whereas NRP1(More)
Stable cell lines expressing the gastric proton pump alpha- and/or beta-subunits were constructed. The cell line co-expressing the alpha- and beta-subunits showed inward Rb(+) transport, which was activated by Rb(+) in a concentration-dependent manner. In the alpha+beta-expressing cell line, rapid recovery of intracellular pH was also observed after acid(More)
The proton-pumping H+,K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (H,K-ATPase), responsible for acid secretion by the gastric parietal cell, faces a harshly acidic environment, with some pepsin from neighboring chief cells, at its luminal surface. Its large catalytic alpha-subunit is mostly oriented cytoplasmically. The smaller beta-subunit (HKbeta), is mainly(More)