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The cell surface engineering system, in which functional proteins are genetically displayed on microbial cell surfaces, has recently become a powerful tool for applied biotechnology. Here, we report on the surfactant modification of surface-displayed lipase to improve its performance for enzymatic synthesis reactions. The lipase activities of the(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), an important regulator of cell differentiation, is biosynthesized from retinol via retinal by a two-step oxidation process. We previously reported the purification and partial amino acid (aa) sequence of a rat kidney aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) isozyme that catalyzed the oxidation of 9-cis and all-trans retinal to corresponding RA with(More)
We developed a convenient chromogenic assay method for the activity of sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus. SMase reaction was quenched by Zn(2+), and the released phosphocholine was converted into a choline by the action of alkaline phosphatase. After that, the choline was converted into a chromogenic dye by the actions of choline oxidase and(More)
In this paper, we provide the first report of utilizing recombinant fungal whole cells in enzymatic biodiesel production. Aspergillus oryzae, transformed with a heterologous lipase-encoding gene from Fusarium heterosporum, produced fully processed and active forms of recombinant F. heterosporum lipase (FHL). Cell immobilization within porous biomass support(More)
Adipocyte lines are a useful tool for adipocyte research. Recently, a new preadipocyte line designated AP-18 was established from subcutaneous tissue of the C3H/He mouse. In this study, we further characterized AP-18 cells. Adipocyte differentiation was assessed by accumulation of fat droplets stained by Oil Red O. The expression of the preadipocyte- or(More)
A major obstacle in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma is the intrinsic/acquired resistance to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Copper-transporting P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP7B) has been reported to be associated with cisplatin resistance in vitro. However, the clinical significance of this transporter has not previously been addressed. Our goal(More)
The enzymatic process presents an advantage of producing specified phospholipids that rarely exist in nature. In this study, we investigated the regiospecific modification of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in the sn-1 position using immobilized Rhizopus oryzae. In a reaction mixture containing egg yolk PC and exogenous lauric acid (LA) in n-hexane,(More)
2-Methyl-8-(phenylmethoxy)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-acetonitrile (SCH 28080) is a reversible inhibitor specific for the gastric proton pump. The inhibition pattern is competitive with K(+). Here we studied the binding sites of this inhibitor on the putative three-dimensional structure of the gastric proton pump alpha-subunit that was constructed by homology(More)
With the final aim of replacing myosin in a single muscle fiber, a technique for removing myosin almost completely from single fibers was developed and an attempt to "re-form" thick filaments in the myosin-free ghosts of single fibers was made. Complete removal of myosin from single glycerol-treated rabbit psoas fibers with Hasselbach-Schneider solution was(More)
The proton-pumping H+,K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (H,K-ATPase), responsible for acid secretion by the gastric parietal cell, faces a harshly acidic environment, with some pepsin from neighboring chief cells, at its luminal surface. Its large catalytic alpha-subunit is mostly oriented cytoplasmically. The smaller beta-subunit (HKbeta), is mainly(More)