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A genomic DNA encoding a subtype adrenoceptor (AR) was cloned from Medaka fish, Oryzias latipes, using an oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the consensus sequence of mammalian alpha-AR and beta-AR. The gene spans at least 9kbp, and the coding region consists of two exons split by an intron of 7.2 kbp located at the same position as those of mammalian(More)
In vertebrates, the taste system provides information used in the regulation of food ingestion. In mammals, each cell group within the taste buds expresses either the T1R or the T2R taste receptor for preference-aversion discrimination. However, no such information is available regarding fish. We developed a novel system for quantitatively assaying taste(More)
We cloned and characterized two subfamilies of olfatory receptor (OR) genes from medaka fish (Oryzias latipes). Southern blot analysis showed that each of the two subfamilies, designated as subfamilies Y and E, consists of about five members, as usually observed for other vertebrate ORs. Analyses of the genomic clones encoding these members revealed that(More)
Fish perceive water-soluble chemicals at the taste buds that are distributed on oropharyngeal and trunk epithelia. Recent progress in molecular analyses has revealed that teleosts and mammals share pivotal signaling components to transduce taste stimuli. The fish orthologs of taste receptors, fT1R and fT2R, show mutually exclusive expression in taste buds,(More)
Previous studies have identified many cDNA species that encode a variety of G protein alpha-subunits occurring in taste buds. These include the cDNA encoding a taste-bud-specific Galpha, gustducin (G(gust)). Here we carried out comprehensive analyses of Galpha species that occur in the taste buds of rat circumvallate papillae and also in their single cells(More)
Main olfactory receptor genes were isolated from a seawater fish, Fugu rubripes (pufferfish), and characterized. Two subfamilies of genes encoding seven transmembrane receptors were identified; one consists of five or more members, termed FOR1-1 to 5 of FOR1 subfamily, and the other appears to be a single copy gene, termed the FOR2 subfamily. FOR1 members(More)
Several recent papers have reported the difficulties in expressing olfactory receptor proteins (ORs) in heterologous systems, and proposed that some sequences in ORs have negative effects on their efficient expression. To obtain an efficient expression system of ORs, we modified N-terminal sequences of ORs through the addition of exogenous sequences. Three(More)
Four types of cDNA clones encoding tyrosine kinases highly homologous to mammalian fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGF-R) were isolated from Medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Comparison of the four deduced amino acid sequences with four known mammalian FGF-Rs indicated that four FGF-R species(More)
The effects of two types of Welsh onion, green-leafy and white-sheath types, on hyperlipidemia in rats fed on diets high in fat and sucrose were studied. A significant lowering effect on cholesterol in the plasma and on total lipids, triacylglycerol, and cholesterol in the liver was observed in rats fed on the green, but not white, Welsh onion. These Welsh(More)
Single cell cDNA libraries were constructed from taste bud cells of rat circumvallate papillae. Using three steps of screening, including differential hybridization, sequence analyses and in situ hybridization, a clone encoding a rat homolog of yeast adenylyl cyclase-associated protein (CAP) was identified to be highly expressed in a subset of taste bud(More)