Ayumi O Uchida

Learn More
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (Fgfr1) is expressed at high levels by progenitor cells of the ventricular zone (VZ) within the hippocampal primordium. To investigate the role of Fgfr1 in these cells, in vivo Cre recombination of "floxed" Fgfr1 alleles was directed to cells of the radial glial lineage by using the human glial fibrillary acidic protein(More)
Twelve patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to our department between January 1993 and December 1994 were studied prospectively and classified into two groups (severe group, five patients; mild group, seven patients), according to the criteria for grading severity of acute pancreatitis proposed by the Research Committee for Intractable Diseases of the(More)
A circadian clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) regulates the period of physiological and behavioural rhythms to approximately 24 h. Lithium can lengthen the period of circadian rhythms in most organisms although little is known about the underlying mechanism. In the present study, we examined Drosophila shaggy ortholog glycogen synthase(More)
A new member of the TNF family, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), has been shown to induce apoptosis. However, the mechanism for TRAIL-induced apoptosis remains to be clarified. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis showed that cleavage of Bid was induced by a 1-h incubation of BJAB cells with TRAIL and was blocked by a caspase-8(More)
The circadian pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) generates the near 24-h period of the circadian rhythm and is entrained to the 24-h daily cycle by periodic environmental signals, such as the light/dark cycle (photic signal), and can be modulated by various drugs (non-photic signals). The mechanisms by which non-photic signals modulate the(More)
We investigated the effects of dietary diosgenin (Dio), a plant-derived sapogenin, on indomethacin (Indo)-induced intestinal inflammation and alterations in bile secretion in rats. In anesthetized rats, bile secretion, intestinal inflammation, and blood chemistry were assessed 3 days after two subcutaneous injections of Indo given 24 h apart. Dio (> 80(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize the bile secretion, including the composition of biliary bile acids, bile salt pool size, and transcytotic vesicle transport, in a rat model of subacute intestinal inflammation induced by indomethacin. Indomethacin treatment significantly decreased bile acid-independent bile flow and biliary secretion of bile(More)
Intraluminal bacteria, food intake, and bile play important roles in indomethacin-induced small intestinal inflammation in rats. Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) inhibit hydrophobic bile acid-induced damage in various types of cells. We investigated the effects of these bile acids along with the possible influence of other(More)
Lithium is one of the most commonly used drugs in the prophylaxis and treatment of bipolar disorder. It is also known to lengthen circadian period in several organisms. Previously, we reported that there was the association between lengthening circadian period by lithium and GSK-3 protein and its enzyme activity in the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).(More)