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BACKGROUND In Japan, more than 60% of employees are reported to suffer from anxiety and stress. Consequently, Japanese society has begun to address such important issues as psychogenic disability and job-related suicide. Furthermore, given the aging of society and the surge in the number of elderly people requiring care, it is necessary to adequately and(More)
RATIONALE The human cholinergic receptor muscarinic-1 (CHRM1) is widely distributed in the lungs. In patients with asthma, CHRM1 may be involved in airway constriction, airway epithelial cell proliferation, and airway inflammation. The CHRM1 gene is located on chromosome 11q13, which is one of the candidate loci for asthma and atopy. OBJECTIVES To(More)
PURPOSE Mycosis fungoides (MF), a common type of cutaneous T cell lymphoma with an indolent clinical course, has the characteristic that malignant T cell clones are recruited into the skin from the early disease stages. The mechanisms of recruitment have been suggested from our knowledge of various chemokine-chemokine receptor interactions. Recently, CCR10(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a proinflammatory cytokine, has been shown to play a role in wound-healing processes. In this study, we investigated whether protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 mediated MIF expression in human endothelial cells. Thrombin, factor Xa (FXa), and trypsin induced MIF expression in human dermal(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to solar UV radiation is the main environmental factor that causes premature aging of the skin. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1 is a member of the MMP family and degrades types I and III collagens, which are the major structural components of the dermis. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the involvement IL-1beta and macrophage migration(More)
Migration inhibitory factor (MIF) responds to tissue damage and regulates inflammatory and immunological processes. To elucidate the function of MIF in cutaneous wound healing, we analyzed MIF knockout (KO) mice. After the excision of wounds from the dorsal skin of MIF KO and wild-type (WT) mice, healing was significantly delayed in MIF KO mice compared to(More)
Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis play important roles in the ultraviolet (UV)-induced inflammatory responses in the skin. Metal nanoparticles have been developed to increase the catalytic activity of metals, which is because of the large surface area of smaller particles. Platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) protected by poly acrylic(More)
Acute ultraviolet (UV) exposure causes photokeratitis, and induces apoptosis in corneal cells of the eye. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was originally identified as a lymphokine. Today, MIF is considered as an integral component of the host antimicrobial alarm system and stress response that promotes the proinflammatory functions of immune(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pluripotent cytokine that has an essential role in the pathophysiology of experimental allergic inflammation. Recent findings suggest that MIF is involved in several allergic disorders, including atopic dermatitis (AD). In this study, the role of MIF in allergic skin inflammation was examined using a murine(More)
Chronic ultraviolet (UV) exposure can increase the occurrence of p53 mutations, thus leading to a dysregulation of apoptosis and the initiation of skin cancer. Therefore, it is extremely important that apoptosis is induced quickly after UV irradiation, without any dysregulation. Recent studies have suggested a potentially broader role for macrophage(More)