Ayumi Hirano

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Autophosphorylation of alpha-Ca2+/calmodulin kinase II (alphaCaMKII) at Thr286 is thought to be a general effector mechanism for sustaining transcription-independent long-term potentiation (LTP) at pathways where LTP is NMDA receptor-dependent. We have compared LTP at two such hippocampal pathways in mutant mice with a disabling point mutation at the Thr286(More)
Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a representative uremic toxin that accumulates in the blood of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In addition to the involvement in the progression of CKD, a recent report indicates that IS suppresses hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-dependent erythropoietin (EPO) production, suggesting that IS may also contribute to the(More)
We examined the rapid effects of corticosterone (CORT) on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated Ca2+ signals in adult mouse hippocampal slices by using Ca2+ imaging technique. Application of NMDA caused a transient elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration followed by a decay to a plateau within 150s. The 30min preincubation of CORT induced a(More)
It is widely known that IL-4 and IL-13 act on various kinds of cells, including B cells, resulting in enhancement of proliferation, class switching to IgE and expression of several surface proteins. These functions are important for the recognition of the various antigens in B cells and are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases.(More)
A novel ion-channel sensor based on a membrane bound receptor and a single gramicidin channel is described, in which the binding of an analyte to the membrane bound receptor modulates the single-channel activity of gramicidin. The sensor is composed of a planar bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) containing biotin-labeled phosphatidylethanolamine as receptor for(More)
Real-time monitoring of L-glutamate release from various neuronal regions of mouse hippocampal slices under ischemia (a glucose-free hypoxia condition) is described. A glass capillary microelectrode with a tip size of approximately 10 microm containing a very small volume ( approximately 2 microL) of a solution of glutamate oxidase (GluOx) and ascorbate(More)
A dot-blot method for quantification of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites in genomic DNA (calf thymus DNA) is described using an avidin-modified glass slip and biotinylated liposomes containing sulforhodamine B as a fluorescence marker. Aldehyde reactive probe (ARP)-tagged DNA was found to be strongly adsorbed on an avidin slip, even if treated with(More)
A time-resolved imaging method for visualizing L-glutamate release in mammalian brain slices is proposed by using an enzyme membrane combined with a difference-image analysis. The enzyme membrane is composed of L-glutamate oxidase and horseradish peroxidase incorporated into a bovine serum albumin matrix. L-Glutamate triggers an enzyme-coupling reaction to(More)
Agarose-supported BLMs were prepared by the tip-dip and painting methods, and single-channel recordings of gramicidin were examined for the development of an ion-channel sensor. The supported BLMs formed by the tip-dip method had an electric resistance of >1.0 x 10(11) omega and a longer lifetime as compared with unsupported ones, which enabled(More)
An excised patch membrane sensor for arachidonic acid (AA) is described, whose response stems from AA-induced channel-type transport of ions across the excised patch membrane. The patch membrane sensor was prepared in situ by excising mouse hippocampal cell membranes with patch pipets having a tip diameter of < 0.5 microm. The sensor responds to AA, giving(More)