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The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) is highly expressed in Purkinje neurons (PNs) and is thought to be essential for the induction of long-term depression at parallel-fiber-PN synapses. Here, by imaging the fluorescence intensity of the low-affinity Ca2+ indicator inside the Ca2+ stores in the permeabilized single PNs, we analyzed the kinetics(More)
Three slit genes, slit1 to slit3, have been cloned to date. Slit1 and slit2 act as chemorepellent factors for axon guidance. Slit3 is involved in the formation of the diaphragm and kidney during embryogenesis. However, its molecular function remains unclear. We found that slit3 expression was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulation in macrophages(More)
The expression of mRNA for chemorepellent factors slit1 and slit2 in rat peripheral nerve regeneration was examined. The mRNA of slit2 increased when the continuity of basal lamina tubes was disrupted, not when it remained and the Slit2 protein was located in Schwann cells. These results suggest that disruption of the continuity of basal lamina tubes(More)
The honeybee species native to two remote islands (Amami-Oshima and Tsushima) in Japan were previously reported to be morphologically distinct from the Japanese honeybee Apis cerana japonica. To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze the complete mitochondrial genome of the honeybee species from the two islands. The mitochondrial genome was a(More)
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