Ayub Darji

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An attenuated strain of S. typhimurium has been used as a vehicle for oral genetic immunization. Eukaryotic expression vectors containing truncated genes of ActA and listeriolysin--two virulence factors of Listeria monocytogenes--have been used to transform S. typhimurium aroA. Multiple or even single oral immunizations with such transformants induced(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO) is the most important virulence factor of the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Its main task is to enable escape of bacteria from the phagosomal vacuole into the cytoplasm. LLO belongs to the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family but differs from other members, as it exhibits optimal activity at low pH. Its pore(More)
This study assessed the presence of sialic acid α-2,3 and α-2,6 linked glycan receptors in seven avian species. The respiratory and intestinal tracts of the chicken, common quail, red-legged partridge, turkey, golden pheasant, ostrich, and mallard were tested by means of lectin histochemistry, using the lectins Maackia amurensis agglutinin II and Sambucus(More)
An experimental infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) was carried out in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in order to study clinical signs, gross and microscopic lesions, and viral distribution in tissues and viral shedding. Birds were infected with a HPAIV subtype H7N1(More)
The expression of all virulence factors in Listeria monocytogenes characterized to date is controlled by the virulence regulator protein, PrfA. To identify further PrfA-regulated proteins, we examined supernatants of L. monocytogenes EGD harboring additional copies of the PrfA regulator for the presence of novel proteins. This led to the identification and(More)
The impact of Listeria monocytogenes listeriolysin O (LLO) secretion on phosphoinositide metabolism and mediator (platelet-activating factor and prostaglandin I2) generation was investigated in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Wild-type L. monocytogenes, purified LLO, and an L. innocua strain engineered to secrete LLO all elicited a strong response,(More)
Haemophilus parasuis, a member of the family Pasteurellaceae, is a common inhabitant of the upper respiratory tract of healthy pigs and the etiological agent of Glässer's disease. As other virulent Pasteurellaceae, H. parasuis can prevent phagocytosis, but the bacterial factors involved in this virulence mechanism are not known. In order to identify genes(More)
Outbreaks involving either H5N1 or H1N1 influenza viruses (IV) have recently become an increasing threat to cause potential pandemics. Pigs have an important role in this aspect. As reflected in the 2009 human H1N1 pandemia, they may act as a vehicle for mixing and generating new assortments of viruses potentially pathogenic to animals and humans. Lack of(More)
In order to understand the mechanism of neuroinvasion of a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) into the central nervous system (CNS) of chickens, specific pathogen free chickens were inoculated with a H7N1 HPAIV. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), nasal cavity and brain tissue samples were obtained from 1 to 4 days post-inoculation (dpi) of(More)
Recent evidences have demonstrated that the presence of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIV) may play an important role in host ecology and transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIV). While some authors have clearly demonstrated that LPAIV can mutate to render highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV), others have shown that their(More)