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Heterozygous germ-line mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes lead to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. The disease susceptibility of individuals who constitutionally lack both wild-type alleles is unknown. We have identified three offspring in a hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer family who developed hematological malignancy at a very(More)
A 30-year-old female who is homozygous for a Hb E-like abnormal hemoglobin and her immediate relatives were studied. Clinical examination of the proband revealed no abnormality. Routine hematological analysis showed that her hemoglobin level was 12 g/dL, MCV 82 fL, MCH 28 pg, RDW 15%. DNA sequence analysis indicated the presence of a G-->A substitution at(More)
Nineteen children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) were studied in the Department of Pediatric Hematology, Hacettepe University. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1: Thirteen patients were classified as having a genetic etiology (7 familial, 6 presumed familial) on the basis of an affected sibling and consanguinity. There was a(More)
Griscelli disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by diffuse pigmentary dilution and occurrence of acute phases of uncontrolled lymphocyte and macrophage activation, so-called “hemophagocytic syndrome” (HS) that leads to death. Recently, two closely linked genes located on human 15q21 region have been found to be responsible for the(More)
One of the causes of portal hypertension is portal vein thrombosis (PVT). The aim of this study was to determine whether natural anticoagulant deficiencies, activated protein C resistance (APCR), and factor V Leiden play a role in the development of PVT, leading to cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV). Twenty-three patients with idiopathic(More)
A total of 25 unrelated Hb H patients were studied at the DNA level. Ten different genotypes were found to be responsible for the disease. The most prevalent alpha-thalassemia-2 determinant was the alpha alpha/-alpha (3.7) kb deletion (56%) which was followed by a nondeletional type of alpha-thalassemia, namely the pentanucleotide deletion in the 5' first(More)
Eight-year event-free survival (EFS) was evaluated in 205 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), to consider the efficacy of high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) given during remission induction chemotherapy between 1 and 29 days. The St Jude Total XI Study protocol was used after some minor modifications in this trial. Patients were randomized(More)
In this preliminary study the efficacy of high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) during remission-induction chemotherapy was evaluated on 166 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The St. Jude Total Therapy Study XI protocol with minor modifications was used in this trial. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group A received conventional-dose(More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is an autosomal recessive disease of early childhood characterized by nonmalignant accumulation and multivisceral infiltration of activated T lymphocytes and histiocytes (macrophages). Cytotoxic T and natural killer (NK) cell activity is markedly reduced or absent in these patients, and mutations in a lytic(More)