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Lansoprazole, a cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) substrate, has been widely used in children to manage acid-related diseases. CYP2C19 exhibits marked genetic polymorphisms, and distribution of these polymorphisms varies among different ethnic groups. There is limited data regarding the use of probe drugs for determining CYP2C19 activity in children. The aim(More)
We describe seven Turkish children with DOCK8 deficiency who have not been previously reported. Three patients presented with typical features of recurrent or severe cutaneous viral infections, atopic dermatitis, and recurrent respiratory or gastrointestinal tract infections. However, four patients presented with other features. Patient 1–1 featured(More)
BACKGROUND Research regarding the optimal therapeutic approach to Helicobacter pylori infection in children is ongoing. There is no consensus as to duration of treatment or second-line therapy. The purpose of this study was compare the efficacy of 7-day and 14-day triple therapies and report the results of second-line quadruple therapy in children. (More)
OBJECTIVES Intractable diarrhea of infancy (IDI), a group of prolonged diarrheal disorders, is difficult to diagnose and manage. We documented general features of patients and the causes of IDI. METHODS The present retrospective study included 60 hospitalized patients with IDI ages 0 to 24 months during January 2000 to December 2010. Detailed history,(More)
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia is documented in patients with Gaucher disease of all ages. We investigated the frequency of hyperimmunoglobulinemia in 12 pediatric patients with type I and III Gaucher disease and the effects of enzyme replacement therapy on these abnormalities. The incidence of hyperimmunoglobulinemia was 77%, 66%, and 60% at the diagnosis, before(More)
Human chitinolytic enzyme named "chitotriosidase" takes part in the defense mechanism against pathogens and the homeostasis of innate immunity. Chitotriosidase was firstly reported to be markedly high in plasma of patients with Gaucher disease. Abnormal lipid laden macrophages are thought to be responsible for stimulating the secretion of chitotriosidase in(More)
BACKGROUND It has recently been demonstrated that the Wilson disease (WD) protein directly interacts with the human homolog of the MURR1 protein in vitro and in vivo, and that this interaction is specific for the copper transporter. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of MURR1 in the pathogenesis of WD as well as in other WD-like disorders(More)
We describe a 10-year-old girl with congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) and multiple hyperplastic nodules in the liver. MRI appearances of the liver lesions and the portocaval anastomosis between the inferior mesenteric vein and internal iliac veins are presented. In addition, the relevance of CAPV and nodular lesions of the liver is reviewed.
BACKGROUND TTV DNA has been reported in patients with a broad spectrum of hepatic disorders as well as in healthy people. AIM To clarify the role of TTV in children with liver disease and in healthy children. METHODS Degenerate primers designed to amplify a target sequence from the ORF 1 region of TTV genome were used for nested PCR, to detect TTV DNA(More)
The use of extended criteria donors who might have previously been deemed unsuitable is an option to increase the organ supply for transplantation. This report presents a pediatric case of a successful liver transplantation from a donor with β-thalassemia intermedia. A patient, 6-year-old female, with a diagnosis of cryptogenic liver cirrhosis underwent(More)