Aynur Pekcanlar Akay

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BACKGROUND Although abnormalities in the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) responses to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment have been reported in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there are few prospective longitudinal studies assessing the long-term effects of MPH and discontinuation effects after chronic treatment. METHODS The(More)
Neurologic symptoms such as headache, vertigo, dizziness, and fainting can create a diagnostic problem in pediatric neurology practice because they are also the most common presenting symptoms of psychiatric disorders. Children, especially adolescents, who are often admitted with such autonomic symptoms, are frequently misdiagnosed. In this study, we aimed(More)
The study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of mood and disruptive behavior disorders and symptoms in 35 children of 29 adult outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar I disorder, compared with 33 children of 29 healthy adults, matched with patients on age, socioeconomic status and education. The offspring of bipolar patients had a 9.48 fold higher(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to investigate how the disease and treatment of epilepsy affected the psychological profile (depression and anxiety) of mothers whose children had epilepsy, as well as these mothers' attitudes towards their children and their family relationships. METHODS Both the case and control groups consisted of 50 children and(More)
This study evaluated the dental anxiety levels of preschool children at a kindergarten and at a dental clinic. The anxiety levels of ninety 4-6-year-old (4.99 ± 0.81) preschool children were evaluated according to pulse rates, the facial image scale (FIS), the Venham picture test (VPT), and the Frankl behavior rating scale. The children's mothers were asked(More)
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. The pathophysiology is thought to involve noradrenaline and dopamine. The role of dopamine transporter (DAT) was evaluated in imaging studies using mostly dopamine reuptake inhibitors. Atomoxetine is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor. Here we report(More)
The authors evaluated basic sleep architecture and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep alterations in drug-naïve attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children without psychiatric or other comorbidities. This cross-sectional case-control study included 28 drug-naïve children with ADHD and 15 healthy controls. This subjective studies revealed that(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to assess differences and correlations between the hippocampal volumes (HCVs), serum nerve growth factor (NGF), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in adolescents with bipolar disorder (BP) compared to healthy controls. METHODS Using structural magnetic resonance imaging, we compared HCVs of 30(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to investigate depression and anxiety levels of mothers whose child (7-11 years) and adolescent (12-18 years) offspring had obesity, as well as those mothers' attitudes toward their children and their family relationships. METHOD This is a cross-sectional, case-control study of 100 dyads. All mothers completed the Beck(More)
BACKGROUND The amygdala is repeatedly implicated as a critical component of the neurocircuitry regulating emotional valence. Studies have frequently reported reduced amygdala volumes in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD). Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) play critical roles in growth, differentiation,(More)