Ayman M. Karam

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Membrane distillation (MD) is a thermally driven process where only water vapor is passed through a hydrophobic membrane. Several models have been proposed to study this process, yet most of them assume steady-state conditions. This work presents a new approach to model Direct Contact Membrane Distillation (DCMD) dynamics based on the analogy between(More)
Membrane distillation is an emerging water distillation technology that offers several advantages compared to conventional water desalination processes. Although progress has been made to model and understand the physics of the process, many studies are based on steady-state assumptions or are computationally not appropriate for real time control. This(More)
This paper presents a real time optimization scheme for a solar powered direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) water desalination system. The sun and weather conditions vary and are inconsistent throughout the day. Therefore, the solar powered DCMD feed inlet temperature is never constant, which influences the distilled water flux. The problem of DCMD(More)
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